Planck intermediate results XVIII. The millimetre and sub-millimetre emission from planetary nebulae

J.-F. Cardoso, J. Delabrouille, K. Ganga, M. Piat, M. Remazeilles, C. Rosset, G. Roudier, A. Lähteenmäki, M. Kunz, P. Natoli, G. Polenta, N. Mandolesi, A. Curto, A. Lasenby, V. Stolyarov, H.C. Chiang, J.R. Bond, P.G. Martin, M.-A. Miville-Deschênes, A.J. Banday & 140 others J.-P. Bernard, P. Bielewicz, M. Giard, T.R. Jaffe, L. Montier, E. Pointecouteau, I. Ristorcelli, O. Doré, G. Rocha, L. Cerrigone, J. Borrill, R. Keskitalo, A. Chamballu, Allan Hornstrup, Michael Linden-Vørnle, M. Tucci, F. Atrio-Barandela, L. Toffolatti, J.P. Rachen, D. Scott, L.P.L. Colombo, A. Benoit-Lévy, K.M. Huffenberger, M. Juvela, E. Keihänen, H. Kurki-Suonio, A.-S. Suur-Uski, J. Valiviita, W.C. Jones, A. Zonca, B.D. Wandelt, S. Matarrese, C. Burigana, P. De Bernardis, S. Masi, F. Nati, L. Pagano, F. Piacentini, M. Bersanelli, D. Maino, A. Mennella, M. Tomasi, A. Gregorio, P. Mazzotta, P. Naselsky, J.A. Rubiño-Martín, X. Dupac, R. Leonardi, L. Mendes, J.A. Tauber, L. Terenzi, J.L. Hora, C.S. Buemi, P. Leto, C. Trigilio, G. Umana, G. De Zotti, M. Frailis, S. Galeotta, A. Zacchei, M. Massardi, F. Cuttaia, A. De Rosa, F. Finelli, E. Franceschi, A. Gruppuso, G. Morgante, D. Paoletti, P. Procopio, S. Ricciardi, M. Sandri, T. Trombetti, F. Villa, S. Donzelli, D. Mortlock, D. Novikov, R. Paladini, B. Rusholme, J. Aumont, Fernand Pajot, J.-L. Puget, K. Benabed, F.R. Bouchet, S. Colombi, E. Hivon, A. Moneti, S. Prunet, J.-F. Sygnet, L. Popa, D.L. Harrison, M. Migliaccio, D. Sutton, H.K. Eriksen, F.K. Hansen, P.B. Lilje, R.B. Barreiro, J.M. Diego, J. González-Nuevo, M. López-Caniego, P. Vielva, B.P. Crill, K.M. Górski, S.R. Hildebrandt, W.A. Holmes, C.R. Lawrence, D. Pietrobon, L.A. Wade, A. Bonaldi, R.D. Davies, R.J. Davis, C. Dickinson, B. Maffei, F. Noviello, M. Peel, A. Zijlstra, F. Couchot, O. Perdereau, S. Plaszczynski, M. Tristram, A. Catalano, J.-M. Lamarre, M. Arnaud, G.W. Pratt, J.F. Macías-Pérez, B. Van Tent, T.S. Kisner, T.A. Enßlin, W. Hovest, J. Knoche, M. Reinecke, T. Riller, J.A. Murphy, I. Novikov, G. Savini, C. Baccigalupi, F. Perrotta, D. Munshi, L.D. Spencer, S. Casassus, E. Battaner

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Abstract

Late stages of stellar evolution are characterized by copious mass-loss events whose signature is the formation of circumstellar envelopes (CSE). Planck multi-frequency measurements have provided relevant information on a sample of Galactic planetary nebulae (PNe) in the important and relatively unexplored observational band between 30 and 857 GHz. Planck enables the assembly of comprehensive PNe spectral energy distributions (SEDs) from radio to far-IR frequencies. Modelling the derived SEDs provides us with information on physical properties of CSEs and the mass content of both main components: ionized gas, traced by the free-free emission at cm-mm waves; and thermal dust, traced by the millimetre and far-IR emission. In particular, the amount of ionized gas and dust has been derived here. Such quantities have also been estimated for the very young PN CRL? 618, where the strong variability observed in its radio and millimetre emission has previously prevented constructing its SED. A morphological study of the Helix Nebula was also performed. Planck maps reveal, for the first time, the spatial distribution of the dust inside the envelope, allowing us to identify different components, the most interesting of which is a very extended component (up to 1? pc) that may be related to a region where the slow expanding envelope is interacting with the surrounding interstellar medium.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberA4
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Volume573
Number of pages18
ISSN0004-6361
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Planetary nebulae: general
  • Radio continuum: ISM
  • Submillimeter: ISM
  • Dust
  • Galaxies
  • Gases
  • Ionization of gases
  • Millimeter waves
  • Circumstellar envelopes
  • Intermediate results
  • Interstellar mediums
  • Morphological study
  • Spectral energy distribution
  • Submillimeter: isms
  • Stars

Cite this

Cardoso, J-F., Delabrouille, J., Ganga, K., Piat, M., Remazeilles, M., Rosset, C., ... Battaner, E. (2015). Planck intermediate results XVIII. The millimetre and sub-millimetre emission from planetary nebulae. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 573, [A4]. https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201423836
Cardoso, J.-F. ; Delabrouille, J. ; Ganga, K. ; Piat, M. ; Remazeilles, M. ; Rosset, C. ; Roudier, G. ; Lähteenmäki, A. ; Kunz, M. ; Natoli, P. ; Polenta, G. ; Mandolesi, N. ; Curto, A. ; Lasenby, A. ; Stolyarov, V. ; Chiang, H.C. ; Bond, J.R. ; Martin, P.G. ; Miville-Deschênes, M.-A. ; Banday, A.J. ; Bernard, J.-P. ; Bielewicz, P. ; Giard, M. ; Jaffe, T.R. ; Montier, L. ; Pointecouteau, E. ; Ristorcelli, I. ; Doré, O. ; Rocha, G. ; Cerrigone, L. ; Borrill, J. ; Keskitalo, R. ; Chamballu, A. ; Hornstrup, Allan ; Linden-Vørnle, Michael ; Tucci, M. ; Atrio-Barandela, F. ; Toffolatti, L. ; Rachen, J.P. ; Scott, D. ; Colombo, L.P.L. ; Benoit-Lévy, A. ; Huffenberger, K.M. ; Juvela, M. ; Keihänen, E. ; Kurki-Suonio, H. ; Suur-Uski, A.-S. ; Valiviita, J. ; Jones, W.C. ; Zonca, A. ; Wandelt, B.D. ; Matarrese, S. ; Burigana, C. ; De Bernardis, P. ; Masi, S. ; Nati, F. ; Pagano, L. ; Piacentini, F. ; Bersanelli, M. ; Maino, D. ; Mennella, A. ; Tomasi, M. ; Gregorio, A. ; Mazzotta, P. ; Naselsky, P. ; Rubiño-Martín, J.A. ; Dupac, X. ; Leonardi, R. ; Mendes, L. ; Tauber, J.A. ; Terenzi, L. ; Hora, J.L. ; Buemi, C.S. ; Leto, P. ; Trigilio, C. ; Umana, G. ; De Zotti, G. ; Frailis, M. ; Galeotta, S. ; Zacchei, A. ; Massardi, M. ; Cuttaia, F. ; De Rosa, A. ; Finelli, F. ; Franceschi, E. ; Gruppuso, A. ; Morgante, G. ; Paoletti, D. ; Procopio, P. ; Ricciardi, S. ; Sandri, M. ; Trombetti, T. ; Villa, F. ; Donzelli, S. ; Mortlock, D. ; Novikov, D. ; Paladini, R. ; Rusholme, B. ; Aumont, J. ; Pajot, Fernand ; Puget, J.-L. ; Benabed, K. ; Bouchet, F.R. ; Colombi, S. ; Hivon, E. ; Moneti, A. ; Prunet, S. ; Sygnet, J.-F. ; Popa, L. ; Harrison, D.L. ; Migliaccio, M. ; Sutton, D. ; Eriksen, H.K. ; Hansen, F.K. ; Lilje, P.B. ; Barreiro, R.B. ; Diego, J.M. ; González-Nuevo, J. ; López-Caniego, M. ; Vielva, P. ; Crill, B.P. ; Górski, K.M. ; Hildebrandt, S.R. ; Holmes, W.A. ; Lawrence, C.R. ; Pietrobon, D. ; Wade, L.A. ; Bonaldi, A. ; Davies, R.D. ; Davis, R.J. ; Dickinson, C. ; Maffei, B. ; Noviello, F. ; Peel, M. ; Zijlstra, A. ; Couchot, F. ; Perdereau, O. ; Plaszczynski, S. ; Tristram, M. ; Catalano, A. ; Lamarre, J.-M. ; Arnaud, M. ; Pratt, G.W. ; Macías-Pérez, J.F. ; Van Tent, B. ; Kisner, T.S. ; Enßlin, T.A. ; Hovest, W. ; Knoche, J. ; Reinecke, M. ; Riller, T. ; Murphy, J.A. ; Novikov, I. ; Savini, G. ; Baccigalupi, C. ; Perrotta, F. ; Munshi, D. ; Spencer, L.D. ; Casassus, S. ; Battaner, E. / Planck intermediate results XVIII. The millimetre and sub-millimetre emission from planetary nebulae. In: Astronomy and Astrophysics. 2015 ; Vol. 573.
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title = "Planck intermediate results XVIII. The millimetre and sub-millimetre emission from planetary nebulae",
abstract = "Late stages of stellar evolution are characterized by copious mass-loss events whose signature is the formation of circumstellar envelopes (CSE). Planck multi-frequency measurements have provided relevant information on a sample of Galactic planetary nebulae (PNe) in the important and relatively unexplored observational band between 30 and 857 GHz. Planck enables the assembly of comprehensive PNe spectral energy distributions (SEDs) from radio to far-IR frequencies. Modelling the derived SEDs provides us with information on physical properties of CSEs and the mass content of both main components: ionized gas, traced by the free-free emission at cm-mm waves; and thermal dust, traced by the millimetre and far-IR emission. In particular, the amount of ionized gas and dust has been derived here. Such quantities have also been estimated for the very young PN CRL? 618, where the strong variability observed in its radio and millimetre emission has previously prevented constructing its SED. A morphological study of the Helix Nebula was also performed. Planck maps reveal, for the first time, the spatial distribution of the dust inside the envelope, allowing us to identify different components, the most interesting of which is a very extended component (up to 1? pc) that may be related to a region where the slow expanding envelope is interacting with the surrounding interstellar medium.",
keywords = "Planetary nebulae: general, Radio continuum: ISM, Submillimeter: ISM, Dust, Galaxies, Gases, Ionization of gases, Millimeter waves, Circumstellar envelopes, Intermediate results, Interstellar mediums, Morphological study, Spectral energy distribution, Submillimeter: isms, Stars",
author = "J.-F. Cardoso and J. Delabrouille and K. Ganga and M. Piat and M. Remazeilles and C. Rosset and G. Roudier and A. L{\"a}hteenm{\"a}ki and M. Kunz and P. Natoli and G. Polenta and N. Mandolesi and A. Curto and A. Lasenby and V. Stolyarov and H.C. Chiang and J.R. Bond and P.G. Martin and M.-A. Miville-Desch{\^e}nes and A.J. Banday and J.-P. Bernard and P. Bielewicz and M. Giard and T.R. Jaffe and L. Montier and E. Pointecouteau and I. Ristorcelli and O. Dor{\'e} and G. Rocha and L. Cerrigone and J. Borrill and R. Keskitalo and A. Chamballu and Allan Hornstrup and Michael Linden-V{\o}rnle and M. Tucci and F. Atrio-Barandela and L. Toffolatti and J.P. Rachen and D. Scott and L.P.L. Colombo and A. Benoit-L{\'e}vy and K.M. Huffenberger and M. Juvela and E. Keih{\"a}nen and H. Kurki-Suonio and A.-S. Suur-Uski and J. Valiviita and W.C. Jones and A. Zonca and B.D. Wandelt and S. Matarrese and C. Burigana and {De Bernardis}, P. and S. Masi and F. Nati and L. Pagano and F. Piacentini and M. Bersanelli and D. Maino and A. Mennella and M. Tomasi and A. Gregorio and P. Mazzotta and P. Naselsky and J.A. Rubi{\~n}o-Mart{\'i}n and X. Dupac and R. Leonardi and L. Mendes and J.A. Tauber and L. Terenzi and J.L. Hora and C.S. Buemi and P. Leto and C. Trigilio and G. Umana and {De Zotti}, G. and M. Frailis and S. Galeotta and A. Zacchei and M. Massardi and F. Cuttaia and {De Rosa}, A. and F. Finelli and E. Franceschi and A. Gruppuso and G. Morgante and D. Paoletti and P. Procopio and S. Ricciardi and M. Sandri and T. Trombetti and F. Villa and S. Donzelli and D. Mortlock and D. Novikov and R. Paladini and B. Rusholme and J. Aumont and Fernand Pajot and J.-L. Puget and K. Benabed and F.R. Bouchet and S. Colombi and E. Hivon and A. Moneti and S. Prunet and J.-F. Sygnet and L. Popa and D.L. Harrison and M. Migliaccio and D. Sutton and H.K. Eriksen and F.K. Hansen and P.B. Lilje and R.B. Barreiro and J.M. Diego and J. Gonz{\'a}lez-Nuevo and M. L{\'o}pez-Caniego and P. Vielva and B.P. Crill and K.M. G{\'o}rski and S.R. Hildebrandt and W.A. Holmes and C.R. Lawrence and D. Pietrobon and L.A. Wade and A. Bonaldi and R.D. Davies and R.J. Davis and C. Dickinson and B. Maffei and F. Noviello and M. Peel and A. Zijlstra and F. Couchot and O. Perdereau and S. Plaszczynski and M. Tristram and A. Catalano and J.-M. Lamarre and M. Arnaud and G.W. Pratt and J.F. Mac{\'i}as-P{\'e}rez and {Van Tent}, B. and T.S. Kisner and T.A. En{\ss}lin and W. Hovest and J. Knoche and M. Reinecke and T. Riller and J.A. Murphy and I. Novikov and G. Savini and C. Baccigalupi and F. Perrotta and D. Munshi and L.D. Spencer and S. Casassus and E. Battaner",
year = "2015",
doi = "10.1051/0004-6361/201423836",
language = "English",
volume = "573",
journal = "Astronomy & Astrophysics",
issn = "0004-6361",
publisher = "E D P Sciences",

}

Cardoso, J-F, Delabrouille, J, Ganga, K, Piat, M, Remazeilles, M, Rosset, C, Roudier, G, Lähteenmäki, A, Kunz, M, Natoli, P, Polenta, G, Mandolesi, N, Curto, A, Lasenby, A, Stolyarov, V, Chiang, HC, Bond, JR, Martin, PG, Miville-Deschênes, M-A, Banday, AJ, Bernard, J-P, Bielewicz, P, Giard, M, Jaffe, TR, Montier, L, Pointecouteau, E, Ristorcelli, I, Doré, O, Rocha, G, Cerrigone, L, Borrill, J, Keskitalo, R, Chamballu, A, Hornstrup, A, Linden-Vørnle, M, Tucci, M, Atrio-Barandela, F, Toffolatti, L, Rachen, JP, Scott, D, Colombo, LPL, Benoit-Lévy, A, Huffenberger, KM, Juvela, M, Keihänen, E, Kurki-Suonio, H, Suur-Uski, A-S, Valiviita, J, Jones, WC, Zonca, A, Wandelt, BD, Matarrese, S, Burigana, C, De Bernardis, P, Masi, S, Nati, F, Pagano, L, Piacentini, F, Bersanelli, M, Maino, D, Mennella, A, Tomasi, M, Gregorio, A, Mazzotta, P, Naselsky, P, Rubiño-Martín, JA, Dupac, X, Leonardi, R, Mendes, L, Tauber, JA, Terenzi, L, Hora, JL, Buemi, CS, Leto, P, Trigilio, C, Umana, G, De Zotti, G, Frailis, M, Galeotta, S, Zacchei, A, Massardi, M, Cuttaia, F, De Rosa, A, Finelli, F, Franceschi, E, Gruppuso, A, Morgante, G, Paoletti, D, Procopio, P, Ricciardi, S, Sandri, M, Trombetti, T, Villa, F, Donzelli, S, Mortlock, D, Novikov, D, Paladini, R, Rusholme, B, Aumont, J, Pajot, F, Puget, J-L, Benabed, K, Bouchet, FR, Colombi, S, Hivon, E, Moneti, A, Prunet, S, Sygnet, J-F, Popa, L, Harrison, DL, Migliaccio, M, Sutton, D, Eriksen, HK, Hansen, FK, Lilje, PB, Barreiro, RB, Diego, JM, González-Nuevo, J, López-Caniego, M, Vielva, P, Crill, BP, Górski, KM, Hildebrandt, SR, Holmes, WA, Lawrence, CR, Pietrobon, D, Wade, LA, Bonaldi, A, Davies, RD, Davis, RJ, Dickinson, C, Maffei, B, Noviello, F, Peel, M, Zijlstra, A, Couchot, F, Perdereau, O, Plaszczynski, S, Tristram, M, Catalano, A, Lamarre, J-M, Arnaud, M, Pratt, GW, Macías-Pérez, JF, Van Tent, B, Kisner, TS, Enßlin, TA, Hovest, W, Knoche, J, Reinecke, M, Riller, T, Murphy, JA, Novikov, I, Savini, G, Baccigalupi, C, Perrotta, F, Munshi, D, Spencer, LD, Casassus, S & Battaner, E 2015, 'Planck intermediate results XVIII. The millimetre and sub-millimetre emission from planetary nebulae', Astronomy and Astrophysics, vol. 573, A4. https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201423836

Planck intermediate results XVIII. The millimetre and sub-millimetre emission from planetary nebulae. / Cardoso, J.-F.; Delabrouille, J.; Ganga, K.; Piat, M.; Remazeilles, M.; Rosset, C.; Roudier, G.; Lähteenmäki, A.; Kunz, M.; Natoli, P.; Polenta, G.; Mandolesi, N.; Curto, A.; Lasenby, A.; Stolyarov, V.; Chiang, H.C.; Bond, J.R.; Martin, P.G.; Miville-Deschênes, M.-A.; Banday, A.J.; Bernard, J.-P.; Bielewicz, P.; Giard, M.; Jaffe, T.R.; Montier, L.; Pointecouteau, E.; Ristorcelli, I.; Doré, O.; Rocha, G.; Cerrigone, L.; Borrill, J.; Keskitalo, R.; Chamballu, A.; Hornstrup, Allan; Linden-Vørnle, Michael; Tucci, M.; Atrio-Barandela, F.; Toffolatti, L.; Rachen, J.P.; Scott, D.; Colombo, L.P.L.; Benoit-Lévy, A.; Huffenberger, K.M.; Juvela, M.; Keihänen, E.; Kurki-Suonio, H.; Suur-Uski, A.-S.; Valiviita, J.; Jones, W.C.; Zonca, A.; Wandelt, B.D.; Matarrese, S.; Burigana, C.; De Bernardis, P.; Masi, S.; Nati, F.; Pagano, L.; Piacentini, F.; Bersanelli, M.; Maino, D.; Mennella, A.; Tomasi, M.; Gregorio, A.; Mazzotta, P.; Naselsky, P.; Rubiño-Martín, J.A.; Dupac, X.; Leonardi, R.; Mendes, L.; Tauber, J.A.; Terenzi, L.; Hora, J.L.; Buemi, C.S.; Leto, P.; Trigilio, C.; Umana, G.; De Zotti, G.; Frailis, M.; Galeotta, S.; Zacchei, A.; Massardi, M.; Cuttaia, F.; De Rosa, A.; Finelli, F.; Franceschi, E.; Gruppuso, A.; Morgante, G.; Paoletti, D.; Procopio, P.; Ricciardi, S.; Sandri, M.; Trombetti, T.; Villa, F.; Donzelli, S.; Mortlock, D.; Novikov, D.; Paladini, R.; Rusholme, B.; Aumont, J.; Pajot, Fernand; Puget, J.-L.; Benabed, K.; Bouchet, F.R.; Colombi, S.; Hivon, E.; Moneti, A.; Prunet, S.; Sygnet, J.-F.; Popa, L.; Harrison, D.L.; Migliaccio, M.; Sutton, D.; Eriksen, H.K.; Hansen, F.K.; Lilje, P.B.; Barreiro, R.B.; Diego, J.M.; González-Nuevo, J.; López-Caniego, M.; Vielva, P.; Crill, B.P.; Górski, K.M.; Hildebrandt, S.R.; Holmes, W.A.; Lawrence, C.R.; Pietrobon, D.; Wade, L.A.; Bonaldi, A.; Davies, R.D.; Davis, R.J.; Dickinson, C.; Maffei, B.; Noviello, F.; Peel, M.; Zijlstra, A.; Couchot, F.; Perdereau, O.; Plaszczynski, S.; Tristram, M.; Catalano, A.; Lamarre, J.-M.; Arnaud, M.; Pratt, G.W.; Macías-Pérez, J.F.; Van Tent, B.; Kisner, T.S.; Enßlin, T.A.; Hovest, W.; Knoche, J.; Reinecke, M.; Riller, T.; Murphy, J.A.; Novikov, I.; Savini, G.; Baccigalupi, C.; Perrotta, F.; Munshi, D.; Spencer, L.D.; Casassus, S.; Battaner, E.

In: Astronomy and Astrophysics, Vol. 573, A4, 2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Planck intermediate results XVIII. The millimetre and sub-millimetre emission from planetary nebulae

AU - Cardoso, J.-F.

AU - Delabrouille, J.

AU - Ganga, K.

AU - Piat, M.

AU - Remazeilles, M.

AU - Rosset, C.

AU - Roudier, G.

AU - Lähteenmäki, A.

AU - Kunz, M.

AU - Natoli, P.

AU - Polenta, G.

AU - Mandolesi, N.

AU - Curto, A.

AU - Lasenby, A.

AU - Stolyarov, V.

AU - Chiang, H.C.

AU - Bond, J.R.

AU - Martin, P.G.

AU - Miville-Deschênes, M.-A.

AU - Banday, A.J.

AU - Bernard, J.-P.

AU - Bielewicz, P.

AU - Giard, M.

AU - Jaffe, T.R.

AU - Montier, L.

AU - Pointecouteau, E.

AU - Ristorcelli, I.

AU - Doré, O.

AU - Rocha, G.

AU - Cerrigone, L.

AU - Borrill, J.

AU - Keskitalo, R.

AU - Chamballu, A.

AU - Hornstrup, Allan

AU - Linden-Vørnle, Michael

AU - Tucci, M.

AU - Atrio-Barandela, F.

AU - Toffolatti, L.

AU - Rachen, J.P.

AU - Scott, D.

AU - Colombo, L.P.L.

AU - Benoit-Lévy, A.

AU - Huffenberger, K.M.

AU - Juvela, M.

AU - Keihänen, E.

AU - Kurki-Suonio, H.

AU - Suur-Uski, A.-S.

AU - Valiviita, J.

AU - Jones, W.C.

AU - Zonca, A.

AU - Wandelt, B.D.

AU - Matarrese, S.

AU - Burigana, C.

AU - De Bernardis, P.

AU - Masi, S.

AU - Nati, F.

AU - Pagano, L.

AU - Piacentini, F.

AU - Bersanelli, M.

AU - Maino, D.

AU - Mennella, A.

AU - Tomasi, M.

AU - Gregorio, A.

AU - Mazzotta, P.

AU - Naselsky, P.

AU - Rubiño-Martín, J.A.

AU - Dupac, X.

AU - Leonardi, R.

AU - Mendes, L.

AU - Tauber, J.A.

AU - Terenzi, L.

AU - Hora, J.L.

AU - Buemi, C.S.

AU - Leto, P.

AU - Trigilio, C.

AU - Umana, G.

AU - De Zotti, G.

AU - Frailis, M.

AU - Galeotta, S.

AU - Zacchei, A.

AU - Massardi, M.

AU - Cuttaia, F.

AU - De Rosa, A.

AU - Finelli, F.

AU - Franceschi, E.

AU - Gruppuso, A.

AU - Morgante, G.

AU - Paoletti, D.

AU - Procopio, P.

AU - Ricciardi, S.

AU - Sandri, M.

AU - Trombetti, T.

AU - Villa, F.

AU - Donzelli, S.

AU - Mortlock, D.

AU - Novikov, D.

AU - Paladini, R.

AU - Rusholme, B.

AU - Aumont, J.

AU - Pajot, Fernand

AU - Puget, J.-L.

AU - Benabed, K.

AU - Bouchet, F.R.

AU - Colombi, S.

AU - Hivon, E.

AU - Moneti, A.

AU - Prunet, S.

AU - Sygnet, J.-F.

AU - Popa, L.

AU - Harrison, D.L.

AU - Migliaccio, M.

AU - Sutton, D.

AU - Eriksen, H.K.

AU - Hansen, F.K.

AU - Lilje, P.B.

AU - Barreiro, R.B.

AU - Diego, J.M.

AU - González-Nuevo, J.

AU - López-Caniego, M.

AU - Vielva, P.

AU - Crill, B.P.

AU - Górski, K.M.

AU - Hildebrandt, S.R.

AU - Holmes, W.A.

AU - Lawrence, C.R.

AU - Pietrobon, D.

AU - Wade, L.A.

AU - Bonaldi, A.

AU - Davies, R.D.

AU - Davis, R.J.

AU - Dickinson, C.

AU - Maffei, B.

AU - Noviello, F.

AU - Peel, M.

AU - Zijlstra, A.

AU - Couchot, F.

AU - Perdereau, O.

AU - Plaszczynski, S.

AU - Tristram, M.

AU - Catalano, A.

AU - Lamarre, J.-M.

AU - Arnaud, M.

AU - Pratt, G.W.

AU - Macías-Pérez, J.F.

AU - Van Tent, B.

AU - Kisner, T.S.

AU - Enßlin, T.A.

AU - Hovest, W.

AU - Knoche, J.

AU - Reinecke, M.

AU - Riller, T.

AU - Murphy, J.A.

AU - Novikov, I.

AU - Savini, G.

AU - Baccigalupi, C.

AU - Perrotta, F.

AU - Munshi, D.

AU - Spencer, L.D.

AU - Casassus, S.

AU - Battaner, E.

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - Late stages of stellar evolution are characterized by copious mass-loss events whose signature is the formation of circumstellar envelopes (CSE). Planck multi-frequency measurements have provided relevant information on a sample of Galactic planetary nebulae (PNe) in the important and relatively unexplored observational band between 30 and 857 GHz. Planck enables the assembly of comprehensive PNe spectral energy distributions (SEDs) from radio to far-IR frequencies. Modelling the derived SEDs provides us with information on physical properties of CSEs and the mass content of both main components: ionized gas, traced by the free-free emission at cm-mm waves; and thermal dust, traced by the millimetre and far-IR emission. In particular, the amount of ionized gas and dust has been derived here. Such quantities have also been estimated for the very young PN CRL? 618, where the strong variability observed in its radio and millimetre emission has previously prevented constructing its SED. A morphological study of the Helix Nebula was also performed. Planck maps reveal, for the first time, the spatial distribution of the dust inside the envelope, allowing us to identify different components, the most interesting of which is a very extended component (up to 1? pc) that may be related to a region where the slow expanding envelope is interacting with the surrounding interstellar medium.

AB - Late stages of stellar evolution are characterized by copious mass-loss events whose signature is the formation of circumstellar envelopes (CSE). Planck multi-frequency measurements have provided relevant information on a sample of Galactic planetary nebulae (PNe) in the important and relatively unexplored observational band between 30 and 857 GHz. Planck enables the assembly of comprehensive PNe spectral energy distributions (SEDs) from radio to far-IR frequencies. Modelling the derived SEDs provides us with information on physical properties of CSEs and the mass content of both main components: ionized gas, traced by the free-free emission at cm-mm waves; and thermal dust, traced by the millimetre and far-IR emission. In particular, the amount of ionized gas and dust has been derived here. Such quantities have also been estimated for the very young PN CRL? 618, where the strong variability observed in its radio and millimetre emission has previously prevented constructing its SED. A morphological study of the Helix Nebula was also performed. Planck maps reveal, for the first time, the spatial distribution of the dust inside the envelope, allowing us to identify different components, the most interesting of which is a very extended component (up to 1? pc) that may be related to a region where the slow expanding envelope is interacting with the surrounding interstellar medium.

KW - Planetary nebulae: general

KW - Radio continuum: ISM

KW - Submillimeter: ISM

KW - Dust

KW - Galaxies

KW - Gases

KW - Ionization of gases

KW - Millimeter waves

KW - Circumstellar envelopes

KW - Intermediate results

KW - Interstellar mediums

KW - Morphological study

KW - Spectral energy distribution

KW - Submillimeter: isms

KW - Stars

U2 - 10.1051/0004-6361/201423836

DO - 10.1051/0004-6361/201423836

M3 - Journal article

VL - 573

JO - Astronomy & Astrophysics

JF - Astronomy & Astrophysics

SN - 0004-6361

M1 - A4

ER -