Pitch perception beyond the traditional existence region of pitch

Andrew J. Oxenham, Christophe Micheyl, Michael V. Keebler, Adam Loper, Sébastien Santurette

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


    Humans’ ability to recognize musical melodies is generally limited to pure-tone frequencies below 4 or 5 kHz. This limit coincides with the highest notes on modern musical instruments and is widely believed to reflect the upper limit of precise stimulusdriven spike timing in the auditory nerve. We tested the upper limits of pitch and melody perception in humans using pure and harmonic complex tones, such as those produced by the human voice and musical instruments, in melody recognition and pitchmatching tasks. We found that robust pitch perception can be elicited by harmonic complex tones with fundamental frequencies below 2 kHz, even when all of the individual harmonics are above 6 kHz—well above the currently accepted existence region of pitch and above the currently accepted limits of neural phase locking. The results suggest that the perception of musical pitch at high frequencies is not constrained by temporal phase locking in the auditory nerve but may instead stem from higher-level constraints shaped by prior exposure to harmonic sounds.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
    Issue number18
    Pages (from-to)7629-7634
    Publication statusPublished - 2011


    Dive into the research topics of 'Pitch perception beyond the traditional existence region of pitch'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this