Pitch measurements validation of a structural coloured steel insert using Scanning Confocal Microscopy (SCM) and Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM)

Dario Loaldi, Yang Zhang, Matteo Calaon, Yang Yang, Ping Guochin, Jørgen Garnæs, Guido Tosello

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Abstract

The optical principle of structural colouration provides to a surface unnatural and iridescent colouring properties. Surface topographycombined with lighting characteristics are the physical driver of the phenomenon. Structural colouring arises from the presence on the specimen of nanoscale features distanced by a length comparable to the near visible light spectrum (300‐1000 nm). The microstructures behave as a bandpass filter for certain light wavelengths, enabling an unnatural colouring effect. Elliptical Vibration Texturing (EVT) is an on development technology for fast texturing of gratings on metal inserts for structural colouration purposes.To identify the accuracy of EVT, in this study, two different microscopes assess an EVT grating with a 1000 nm nominal pitch on asteel flat surface. On first, optical‐based metrology is selected adopting a Laser Scanning Confocal Microscope (SCM) with a 405 nm blue source to tackle the measuring purpose. Secondly, an Atomic Force Microscope (AFM) in Intermittent contact mode (IC‐AFM) isadopted. Considering the differences in set‐up time and scanning range, the objective of this research is to identify the mostfavourable measuring technique.On the sample images, five average profiles on different locations provide consistent information about the process repeatability.Pitch estimation comes by means of FFT algorithm on the extracted profiles. The average result for SCM measures is 1002 ± 31 nmwhile for AFM is 972 ± 15 nm. At last, from these results, the estimation of EVT accuracy is presented.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 18th International Conference of the european Society for Precision Engineering and Nanotechnology
EditorsD. Billington , R. K. Leach, D. Phillips , O. Riemer, E. Savio
PublisherThe European Society for Precision Engineering and Nanotechnology
Publication date2018
Pages497-498
ISBN (Electronic)9780995775121
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Event18th International Conference of the european Society for Precision Engineering and Nanotechnology (euspen 18) - Venice, Italy
Duration: 4 Jun 20188 Jun 2018

Conference

Conference18th International Conference of the european Society for Precision Engineering and Nanotechnology (euspen 18)
CountryItaly
CityVenice
Period04/06/201808/06/2018

Keywords

  • Scanning Confocal Microscopy
  • Dynamic Force Microscopy
  • Elliptical Vibration Texturing
  • Structural Colouration

Cite this

Loaldi, D., Zhang, Y., Calaon, M., Yang, Y., Guochin, P., Garnæs, J., & Tosello, G. (2018). Pitch measurements validation of a structural coloured steel insert using Scanning Confocal Microscopy (SCM) and Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM). In D. Billington , R. K. Leach, D. Phillips , O. Riemer, & E. Savio (Eds.), Proceedings of the 18th International Conference of the european Society for Precision Engineering and Nanotechnology (pp. 497-498 ). The European Society for Precision Engineering and Nanotechnology.