Pitch matching in bimodal cochlear implant patients: Effects of frequency, spectral envelope, and level

Mohammad Maarefvand, Peter J. Blamey, Jeremy Marozeau

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

212 Downloads (Pure)


This study systematically investigated the effects of frequency, level, and spectral envelope on pitch matching in twelve bimodal cochlear implant (CI) users. The participants were asked to vary the frequency and level of a pure or complex tone (adjustable sounds) presented in the nonimplanted ear to match the pitch and loudness of different reference stimuli presented to the implanted ear. Three reference sounds were used: single electrode pulse trains, pure tones, and
piano notes. The data showed a significant effect of the frequency and complexity of the reference sounds. No significant effect of the level of the reference sounds was found. The magnitude of effect of frequency was compressed in the implanted ear: on average a difference of seven semitones in the non-implanted ear induced the same pitch change as a difference of 19 to 24 semitones for a stimulus presented to the implanted ear. The spectral envelope of the adjustable sound presented
to the non-implanted ear also had a significant effect. The matched frequencies were higher by an average of six semitones for the pure tone compared to a complex tone. Overall, the CI listeners might have matched the stimuli based on timbre characteristics such as brightness.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)2854–2865
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Cite this