Pinched flow fractionation devices for detection of single nucleotide polymorphisms

Asger Vig Larsen, Lena Poulsen, Henrik Birgens, Hans Martin Dufva, Anders Kristensen

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

    Abstract

    We demonstrate a new and flexible micro fluidic based method for genotyping single nucleotide polymorphisms ( SNPs). The method relies on size separation of selectively hybridized polystyrene microspheres in a micro fluidic pinched flow fractionation (PFF) device. The micro fluidic PFF devices with 13 mu m deep channels were fabricated by thermal nanoimprint lithography ( NIL) in a thin film of cyclic-olefin copolymer (mr-I T85) on a silicon wafer substrate, and the channels were sealed by thermal polymer bonding. Streptavidin coated polystyrene microspheres with a mean diameter of 3.09 mu m and 5.6 mu m were functionalized with biotin-labeled oligonucleotides for the detection of a mutant (Mt) or wild-type (Wt) DNA sequence in the HBB gene, respectively. Hybridization to functionalized beads was performed with fluorescent targets comprising synthetic DNA oligonucleotides or amplified RNA, synthesized using human DNA samples from individuals with point mutations in the HBB gene. Following a stringent wash, the beads were separated in a PFF device and the fluorescent signal from the beads was analyzed. Patients being wildtypes, heterozygotes or mutated respectively for the investigated mutation could reliably be diagnosed in the PFF device. This indicates that the PFF technique can be used for accurate and fast genotyping of SNPs.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalLab on a Chip
    Volume8
    Issue number5
    Pages (from-to)818-821
    ISSN1473-0197
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2008

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