Effects of water content, reaction time and their relationships in the production of two types of specific-structured lipids (sn-MLM- and sn-LML-types: L-long chain fatty acids; M-medium chain fatty acids) by lipase-catalyzed interesterification in a solvent-free system were studied. The biocatalyst used was Lipozyme IM (commercial immobilized lipase) from Novo Nordisk A/S, Denmark. The substrates used for sn-MLM-type were fish oil and capric acid, and medium chain triacylglycerols and sunflower free fatty acids for sn-LML-type. The observed incorporation with the time course agree well with the Michaelis-Menten equation, while the acyl migration is proportional to time within the range of 20% (mole) acyl migration (MLM-type: Mf=0.2225T, R²=0.9868; LML-type: Mf =0.5618T, R²=0.9961). As water content (wt%, on the enzyme basis) increased from 3.0% to 11.6% for MLM-type and from 3.0% to 7.2% for LML-type in the solvent-free systems, the incorporation rates in the first 5 hours increased from 3.34%/hr to 10.30%/hr, and from 7.29%/hr to 11.12%/hr, respectively. However, the acyl migration rates also increased from 0.22%/hr to 1.12%/hr and from 0.56%/hr to 1.37%/hr, respectively. Different effects in the production of two totally position-opposed lipids can be observed. Presumably these are caused by the different chain length of the fatty acids. The relationships between reaction time and water content are inverse and give a quantitative prediction of incorporation and acyl migration in selected reaction conditions and vice versa. The acyl migration can not be totally avoided in present systems, but can be reduced to a relatively lower level. Acyl migration during the downstream processing has also been observed and other factors influencing the acyl migration are briefly discussed.
|Journal||Journal of American Oil Chemists' Society|
|Publication status||Published - 1998|
Xu, X., Balchen, S., Høy, C-E., & Adler-Nissen, J. (1998). Pilot batch production of specific-structured lipids by lipase-catalyzed interesterification: preliminary study on incorporation and acyl migration. Journal of American Oil Chemists' Society, 75(2), 301-308.