Physiological tolerance of marine calanoid copepod eggs to sulphide

Pernille Nielsen, J. Mortensen, B. Vismann, B.W. Hansen

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The impact of anoxia and anoxia-sulphide (8 different numeric sulphide concentrations, ranging from 10 mu mol l(-1) to 10 mmol l(-1)) on hatching of subitaneous eggs of the planktonic copepod Acartia tonsa Dana was evaluated. The experiments were consequently conducted at pH 8.1. Subitaneous eggs, spawned by laboratory-reared specimens, were exposed to anoxia and anoxia-sulphide for different periods (3, 7, 14, 30, 60, 120, 180 and 240 d) and then transferred to normoxic conditions. Short-term (3 to 60 d) exposure to anoxia or anoxia-sulphide did not significantly affect the hatching success of the eggs, but hatching generally declined with increasing length of exposure. After 60 d of exposure there were significant differences between the effects caused by anoxia and anoxia-sulphide (sulphide concentrations >= 250 mu mol l(-1)). After 240 d of exposure there were significant differences in hatching between eggs treated with anoxia and those with anoxia-sulphide (all sulphide concentrations). A short-term experiment, where subitaneous eggs were simultaneously exposed to oxygen and different sulphide concentrations, indicated that sulphide is capable of crossing the eggshell. The metabolic rate of eggs exposed to normoxic conditions was 1.86 +/- 0.57 mu J h(-1). Eggs exposed to anoxia had a metabolic rate of 0.08 +/- 0.02 mu J h(-1), whereas eggs exposed to anoxia and 14.7 mmol l(-1) sulphide had a metabolic rate of 0.25 +/- 0.001 mu J h(-1). Based on the metabolism experiments and the fact that internal egg pH was similar to 6, an unknown sulphide defence mechanism is suggested to be present in A. tonsa eggs.
Original languageEnglish
JournalMarine Ecology Progress Series
Volume328
Pages (from-to)171-182
Number of pages12
ISSN1616-1599
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • ECOLOGY
  • MARINE
  • OCEANOGRAPHY
  • ACARTIA-TONSA DANA
  • PLANKTONIC COPEPODS
  • RESTING EGGS
  • PH
  • VIABILITY
  • ANOXIA
  • OXYGEN
  • ZOOPLANKTON
  • GROWTH
  • POLYCHAETA
  • Acartia tonsa
  • copepoda
  • subitaneous eggs
  • anoxia
  • sulphide
  • survival
  • metabolism
  • defence mechanism
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Anoxia
  • Copepoda
  • Defence mechanism
  • Metabolism
  • Subitaneous eggs
  • Sulphide
  • Survival
  • anoxic conditions
  • crustacean
  • eggshell
  • environmental factor
  • hatching
  • sulfide
  • tolerance
  • Calanoida

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