Photophysics of quantum emitters in hexagonal boron-nitride nano-flakes

Mads Kjær Boll, Ilya P. Radko, Alexander Huck*, Ulrik Lund Andersen

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Quantum emitters in hexagonal boron nitride (hBN) have attracted significant interest due to their bright and narrowband photon emission even at room temperature. The wide-bandgap two-dimensional material incorporates crystal defects of yet-unknown configuration, introducing discrete energy levels with radiative transition frequencies in the visible spectral range. The commonly observed high brightness together with the moderate fluorescence lifetime indicates a high quantum efficiency, but the exact dynamics and the underlying energy level structure remain elusive. In this study we present a systematic and detailed analysis of the photon statistics recorded for several individual emitters. We extract the individual decay rates by modeling the second-order correlation functions using a set of rate equations based on an energy level scheme involving long-lived states. Our analysis clearly indicates excitation-power-dependent non-radiative couplings to at least two metastable levels and confirms a near unity quantum efficiency.
Original languageEnglish
JournalOptics Express
Volume28
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)7475-7487
ISSN1094-4087
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

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