Photonic crystal fibres - a variety of applications

Anders Overgaard Bjarklev, Jesper Riishede

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    Abstract

    Summary form only given. In 1987, it was suggested that the electronic bandgaps in semiconductors could have an optical analogy-the so-called photonic bandgaps (PBGs), which could be found in periodic dielectric structures. This suggestion initiated research activities that the past few years have lead to a new class of optical fibers, in which the cladding structure consists of a periodic system of air holes in a matrix of dielectric material-typically silica. These fibers have been given several names ranging from holey fibers, microstructured fibers, photonic crystal fibers, to photonic bandgap fibers. These fibers have today reached a level of maturity where they may be used as building blocks for a variety of new applications. Today's research is focusing increasingly on applications of the fibres, thus redirecting earlier focus on crystal fibers themselves and their unique guiding mechanisms. Some of the new applications that are receiving a significant amount of attention are based on nonlinear effects-super continuum generation and applications of such being highly studied examples. In this presentation, we will discuss the basic properties of photonic crystal fibers and highlight their unique features. Furthermore, we will point towards the future of this technology and address a number of potential applications of the fibers.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2002 4th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks, 2002.
    Number of pages97
    PublisherIEEE
    Publication date2002
    ISBN (Print)0-7803-7375-8
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2002
    Event4th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks - Warsaw, Poland
    Duration: 21 Apr 200225 Apr 2002
    Conference number: 4
    http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpls/abs_all.jsp?arnumber=1007827

    Conference

    Conference4th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks
    Number4
    Country/TerritoryPoland
    CityWarsaw
    Period21/04/200225/04/2002
    Internet address

    Bibliographical note

    Copyright: 2002 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE

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