Removing ammonium from drinking water is important for maintaining biological stability in distribution systems. This is especially important in regions that do not use disinfectants in the treatment process or keep a disinfectant residual in the distribution system. Problems with nitrification can occur with increased ammonium loads caused by seasonal or operational changes and can lead to extensive periods of elevated ammonium and nitrite concentrations in the effluent. One possible cause of nitrification problems in these filters maybe due to phosphate limitation. This was investigated using a pilot scale sand column which initial analysis confirmed performed similarly to the full scale filters. Long term increased ammonium loads were applied to the pilot filter both with and without phosphate addition. Phosphate was added at a concentration of 0.5 mg PO4-P/L to ensure that it was not the limiting substrate. Preliminary results showed an increased nitrification capacity both with and without phosphate addition although the addition of phosphate doubled the ammonium and nitrite removal capacity of the filter compared to non-phosphate dosing conditions. Phosphate addition also increased the total number of ammonium oxidizing bacteria in the column. © 2013 American Water Works Association AWWA WQTC Conference Proceedings All Rights Reserved.
|Title of host publication||AWWA WQTC Conference Proceedings|
|Number of pages||5|
|Place of Publication||Long Beach, California|
|Publisher||American Water Works Association (AWWA)|
|Publication status||Published - 2013|
|Event||2013 Water Quality Technology Coference - Long Beach Convention & Entertainment Center, Long Beach, United States|
Duration: 4 Nov 2013 → 5 Nov 2013
|Conference||2013 Water Quality Technology Coference|
|Location||Long Beach Convention & Entertainment Center|
|Period||04/11/2013 → 05/11/2013|
- Local area networks
- Water quality
Lee, C. O., Albrechtsen, H-J., Smets, B. F., Boe-Hansen, R., Lind, S., & Binning, P. J. (2013). Phosphate limitation in biological rapid sand filters used to remove ammonium from drinking water. In AWWA WQTC Conference Proceedings American Water Works Association (AWWA).