Trehalose-negative strains of the Pasteurella haemolytica complex have recently been transferred to a new genus, Mannheimia. This genus presently consists of five named species: M. haemolytica, M. glucosida, M. granulomatis, M. ruminalis and M. varigena. The purpose of this study was to investigate the occurrence of these species and lesions associated with these isolates in Denmark. In all 106 M. haemolytica-like strains isolated from pathological material from cattle, sheep, pigs and hares submitted to the Danish Veterinary Laboratory between 1994 and 1998 were investigated. Phenotypic characterization and ribotyping were used for identification in addition to sequencing of the 16S rRNA genes for selected strains. The species allocation was determined by comparison to results from a previous polyphasic taxonomic study. Seventy-one percent of the strains belonged to M. haemolytica, 18% to M. varigena and 8% to unnamed groups within the genus Mannheimia. Single isolates identified as M. glucosida and P. trehalosi, respectively, were detected. Two isolates belonged to M. granulomatis. Forty-three percent of the strains belonged to serotype 1, 41% were untypeable, while the rest belonged to serotypes 2, 7, 9, and 16. The present investigation also showed that a simplified phenotypic characterization using Diatabs (R) Diagnostic Tablets (Rosco, Denmark) represents a useful method for obtaining a quick and reliable species idenitification. Finally, the investigation confirmed that serotyping does not represent a reliable method for species identification. The heterogeneity of species associated with bovine "pasteurellosis" should be considered in future studies to improve our understanding of the pathogenesis of pneumonic disease.
- Mannheimia haemolytica
- 16S rRNA sequencing