Phase Noise Compensation for Nonlinearity-Tolerant Digital Subcarrier Systems With High-Order QAM

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The fundamental penalty of sub-carrier modulation (SCM) with independent sub-carrier phase noise processing is estimated. It is shown that the fundamental signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) penalty related to poorer phase noise tolerance of decreased baudrate subcarriers increases significantly with modulation format size and can potentially exceed the gains of the nonlinear tolerance of SCM. A low complexity algorithm is proposed for joint sub-carrier phase noise processing, which is scalable in the number of sub-carriers and recovers almost entirely the fundamental SNR penalty with respect to single carrier systems operating at the same net data-rate. The proposed algorithm enables high-order modulation formats with high count of sub-carriers to be safely employed for nonlinearity mitigation in optical communication systems
Original languageEnglish
JournalIEEE Photonics Journal
Issue number5
Number of pages12
Publication statusPublished - 2017


  • Multi-carrier
  • Joint processing
  • Phase noise
  • Subcarrier multiplexing
  • WDM

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