In this paper, the two non-linear mixed-effects programs NONMEM and NLME were compared for their use in population pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) modelling. We have described the first-order conditional estimation (FOCE) method as implemented in NONMEM and the alternating algorithm in NLME proposed by Lindstrom and Bates. The two programs were tested using clinical PK/PD data of a new gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) antagonist degarelix currently being developed for prostate cancer treatment. The pharmacokinetics of intravenous administered degarelix was analysed using a three compartment model while the pharmacodynamics was analysed using a turnover model with a pool compartment. The results indicated that the two algorithms produce consistent parameter estimates. The bias and precision of the two algorithms were further investigated using a parametric bootstrap procedure which showed that NONMEM produced more accurate results than NLME together with the nlmeODE package for this specific study.
|Journal||Journal of Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics|
|Publication status||Published - 2004|
- population pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic modelling; non-linear mixed-effects programs; NONMEM; NLME; degarelix; GnRH antagonist.