Phaeobacter grown in biofilters: a new strategy for the control of Vibrionaceae in aquaculture

María Jesús Prol García, Marina Gomez, Lorenzo Sanchez, Jose Pintado

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Growth, biofilm formation, antagonism and residence time in green seawater tanks maintained under fish rearing conditions of Phaeobacter 27-4 were studied in commercial biofilters made from plastic, sintered glass and ceramic. Phaeobacter reached 10(8)-10(9)CFUcm(-3) and formed rosettes in all materials, but a multilayer biofilm was only observed in the ceramic biofilters. In sterile seawater, plastic and ceramic biofilters reduced Vibrio anguillarum and V. splendidus concentration in one-two Log after 24-48h, showing 10(2)-10(3)CFUmL(-1). Sintered glass biofilters only inactivated V. anguillarum. In Marine Broth, sintered glass and ceramic biofilters inhibited V. anguillarum growth in two-three Log, showing 10(4)-10(5)CFUmL(-1) after 24h. Plastic biofilters reduced V. anguillarum concentration in one Log after 48h. V. splendidus growth was only inhibited by sintered glass and ceramic biofilters in one-two Log, showing 10(7)CFUmL(-1) after 24h. Phaeobacter also diminished biofilters colonization by the pathogens, both in seawater and in MB. Phaeobacter residence time in green seawater tanks maintained under fish rearing conditions was longer with sintered glass and ceramic biofilters. The latest showed the lowest detachment and, after 11days, Phaeobacter (10(6) bacteria center dot cm(-3)) covered more than 80% of biofilters total culturable bacteria. DGGE profiles showed that Phaeobacter biofilters stabilizes the green seawater bacterial microbiota.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAquaculture Research
Volume45
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)1012-1025
Number of pages14
ISSN1355-557X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Biofilters
  • Phaeobacter
  • Vibrionaceae
  • Fish larvae

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