Pesticide Substitution: Combining Food Safety with Environmental Quality

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    Abstract

    Various pesticides are authorized for use on agricultural food crops. Despite regulatory risk assessments aiming at ensuring consumer and environmental safety, pesticides contribute to human and environmental impacts. Guidance is needed to optimize pesticide use practice and minimize human and environmental exposure. Comparative pesticide substitution scenarios are presented to address this need. In a case study on wheat, different pesticides have been compared with respect to their substitution potential with focus on human health. Results demonstrate that health impacts can be reduced up to 99% by defining adequate substitution scenarios. Comprehensive scenarios need to also consider worker and environmental burden, and information on crop rotation, pest pressure, environmental conditions, application costs and efficacy. Such scenarios help to increase food safety and more sustainable use of pesticides.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings. International conference on Life Cycle Assessment as reference methodology for assessing supply chains and supporting global sustainability challenges : LCA for "Feeding the planet and energy for life"
    EditorsSimona Scalbi, Arianna Dominici Loprieno, Paola Sposato
    PublisherENEA
    Publication date2015
    Pages291-293
    Publication statusPublished - 2015
    EventInternational conference on Life Cycle Assessment as reference methodology for assessing supply chains and supporting global sustainability challenges - Stresa and Milano, Italy
    Duration: 6 Oct 20158 Oct 2015

    Conference

    ConferenceInternational conference on Life Cycle Assessment as reference methodology for assessing supply chains and supporting global sustainability challenges
    CountryItaly
    CityStresa and Milano
    Period06/10/201508/10/2015

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