Persistence of fluoroquinolone-resistant Salmonella enterica serovar Kentucky from poultry and poultry sources in Nigeria

Ibrahim A. Raufu, Kayode Fashae, James A. Ameh, AbdulGaniyu Ambali, Folashade T. Ogunsola, Akitoye O. Coker, Rene S. Hendriksen

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Introduction: This study investigated the antimicrobial resistance and clonality of Salmonella enterica serotype Kentucky in poultry and poultry sources in Nigeria, and compared the isolates with the clone of S. Kentucky STI98-X1 CIPR using (PFGE) and (MIC). Methodology: Fecal samples from chickens and poultry sources (litter, water, rodent and lizard fecal samples) were collected from fourteen (14) poultry farms in 2007, 2010 and 2011 and were analyzed for S. Kentucky. Results and conclusions: Six percent of the samples were positive for S. Kentucky - all resistant to nalidixic acid and ciprofloxacin. The isolates are grouped within the PFGE cluster X1 of S. Kentucky STI98 CIPR, indicating the association to the emerging and widely spread CIPR S. Kentucky clone with poultry and poultry sources.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Infection in Developing Countries
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)384-388
Number of pages5
Publication statusPublished - 2014


  • Nigeria Africa Ethiopian region
  • antimicrobial resistance
  • geographical regions
  • minimum inhibition concentration
  • poultry source
  • Aves Vertebrata Chordata Animalia (Animals, Birds, Chordates, Nonhuman Vertebrates, Vertebrates) - Galliformes [85536] chicken common host
  • Facultatively Anaerobic Gram-Negative Rods Eubacteria Bacteria Microorganisms (Bacteria, Eubacteria, Microorganisms) - Enterobacteriaceae [06702] Salmonella enterica species fluoroquinolone-resistant, serovar-Kentucky, strain-STI98-X1 CIPR
  • ciprofloxacin 85721-33-1 antibacterial-drug, antiinfective-drug
  • nalidixic acid 389-08-2 antibacterial-drug, antiinfective-drug
  • 10060, Biochemistry studies - General
  • 12512, Pathology - Therapy
  • 14004, Digestive system - Physiology and biochemistry
  • 22002, Pharmacology - General
  • 31000, Physiology and biochemistry of bacteria
  • 36002, Medical and clinical microbiology - Bacteriology
  • 38002, Veterinary science - General and methods
  • 38502, Chemotherapy - General, methods and metabolism
  • 38504, Chemotherapy - Antibacterial agents
  • Medical Sciences
  • feces digestive system
  • Infection
  • Pharmacology
  • Veterinary Medicine
  • ASIA
  • Salmonella Kentucky
  • poultry
  • Ibadan
  • Maiduguri
  • Nigeria
  • MIC determination
  • PFGE
  • fluoroquinolones
  • ST198
  • ciprofloxacin resistance


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