Permafrost is warming at a global scale

Boris K. Biskaborn*, Sharon L. Smith, Jeannette Noetzli, Heidrun Matthes, Gonçalo Vieira, Dmitry A. Streletskiy, Philippe Schoeneich, Vladimir E. Romanovsky, Antoni G. Lewkowicz, Andrey Abramov, Michel Allard, Julia Boike, William L. Cable, Hanne H. Christiansen, Reynald Delaloye, Bernhard Diekmann, Dmitry Drozdov, Bernd Etzelmüller, Guido Grosse, Mauro GuglielminThomas Ingeman-Nielsen, Ketil Isaksen, Mamoru Ishikawa, Margareta Johansson, Halldor Johannsson, Anseok Joo, Dmitry Kaverin, Alexander Kholodov, Pavel Konstantinov, Tim Kröger, Christophe Lambiel, Jean-Pierre Lanckman, Dongliang Luo, Galina Malkova, Ian Meiklejohn, Natalia Moskalenko, Marc Oliva, Marcia Phillips, Miguel Ramos, A. Britta K. Sannel, Dmitrii Sergeev, Cathy Seybold, Pavel Skryabin, Alexander Vasiliev, Qingbai Wu, Kenji Yoshikawa, Mikhail Zheleznyak, Hugues Lantuit

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Permafrost warming has the potential to amplify global climate change, because when frozen sediments thaw it unlocks soil organic carbon. Yet to date, no globally consistent assessment of permafrost temperature change has been compiled. Here we use a global data set of permafrost temperature time series from the Global Terrestrial Network for Permafrost to evaluate temperature change across permafrost regions for the period since the International Polar Year (2007-2009). During the reference decade between 2007 and 2016, ground temperature near the depth of zero annual amplitude in the continuous permafrost zone increased by 0.39 ± 0.15 °C. Over the same period, discontinuous permafrost warmed by 0.20 ± 0.10 °C. Permafrost in mountains warmed by 0.19 ± 0.05 °C and in Antarctica by 0.37 ± 0.10 °C. Globally, permafrost temperature increased by 0.29 ± 0.12 °C. The observed trend follows the Arctic amplification of air temperature increase in the Northern Hemisphere. In the discontinuous zone, however, ground warming occurred due to increased snow thickness while air temperature remained statistically unchanged.
Original languageEnglish
Article number264
JournalNature Communications
Volume10
Issue number1
Number of pages11
ISSN2041-1723
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Cite this

Biskaborn, B. K., Smith, S. L., Noetzli, J., Matthes, H., Vieira, G., Streletskiy, D. A., ... Lantuit, H. (2019). Permafrost is warming at a global scale. Nature Communications, 10(1), [264]. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-08240-4
Biskaborn, Boris K. ; Smith, Sharon L. ; Noetzli, Jeannette ; Matthes, Heidrun ; Vieira, Gonçalo ; Streletskiy, Dmitry A. ; Schoeneich, Philippe ; Romanovsky, Vladimir E. ; Lewkowicz, Antoni G. ; Abramov, Andrey ; Allard, Michel ; Boike, Julia ; Cable, William L. ; Christiansen, Hanne H. ; Delaloye, Reynald ; Diekmann, Bernhard ; Drozdov, Dmitry ; Etzelmüller, Bernd ; Grosse, Guido ; Guglielmin, Mauro ; Ingeman-Nielsen, Thomas ; Isaksen, Ketil ; Ishikawa, Mamoru ; Johansson, Margareta ; Johannsson, Halldor ; Joo, Anseok ; Kaverin, Dmitry ; Kholodov, Alexander ; Konstantinov, Pavel ; Kröger, Tim ; Lambiel, Christophe ; Lanckman, Jean-Pierre ; Luo, Dongliang ; Malkova, Galina ; Meiklejohn, Ian ; Moskalenko, Natalia ; Oliva, Marc ; Phillips, Marcia ; Ramos, Miguel ; Sannel, A. Britta K. ; Sergeev, Dmitrii ; Seybold, Cathy ; Skryabin, Pavel ; Vasiliev, Alexander ; Wu, Qingbai ; Yoshikawa, Kenji ; Zheleznyak, Mikhail ; Lantuit, Hugues. / Permafrost is warming at a global scale. In: Nature Communications. 2019 ; Vol. 10, No. 1.
@article{b6a2984c92944fdba6aec1a4acc869ba,
title = "Permafrost is warming at a global scale",
abstract = "Permafrost warming has the potential to amplify global climate change, because when frozen sediments thaw it unlocks soil organic carbon. Yet to date, no globally consistent assessment of permafrost temperature change has been compiled. Here we use a global data set of permafrost temperature time series from the Global Terrestrial Network for Permafrost to evaluate temperature change across permafrost regions for the period since the International Polar Year (2007-2009). During the reference decade between 2007 and 2016, ground temperature near the depth of zero annual amplitude in the continuous permafrost zone increased by 0.39 ± 0.15 °C. Over the same period, discontinuous permafrost warmed by 0.20 ± 0.10 °C. Permafrost in mountains warmed by 0.19 ± 0.05 °C and in Antarctica by 0.37 ± 0.10 °C. Globally, permafrost temperature increased by 0.29 ± 0.12 °C. The observed trend follows the Arctic amplification of air temperature increase in the Northern Hemisphere. In the discontinuous zone, however, ground warming occurred due to increased snow thickness while air temperature remained statistically unchanged.",
author = "Biskaborn, {Boris K.} and Smith, {Sharon L.} and Jeannette Noetzli and Heidrun Matthes and Gon{\cc}alo Vieira and Streletskiy, {Dmitry A.} and Philippe Schoeneich and Romanovsky, {Vladimir E.} and Lewkowicz, {Antoni G.} and Andrey Abramov and Michel Allard and Julia Boike and Cable, {William L.} and Christiansen, {Hanne H.} and Reynald Delaloye and Bernhard Diekmann and Dmitry Drozdov and Bernd Etzelm{\"u}ller and Guido Grosse and Mauro Guglielmin and Thomas Ingeman-Nielsen and Ketil Isaksen and Mamoru Ishikawa and Margareta Johansson and Halldor Johannsson and Anseok Joo and Dmitry Kaverin and Alexander Kholodov and Pavel Konstantinov and Tim Kr{\"o}ger and Christophe Lambiel and Jean-Pierre Lanckman and Dongliang Luo and Galina Malkova and Ian Meiklejohn and Natalia Moskalenko and Marc Oliva and Marcia Phillips and Miguel Ramos and Sannel, {A. Britta K.} and Dmitrii Sergeev and Cathy Seybold and Pavel Skryabin and Alexander Vasiliev and Qingbai Wu and Kenji Yoshikawa and Mikhail Zheleznyak and Hugues Lantuit",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1038/s41467-018-08240-4",
language = "English",
volume = "10",
journal = "Nature Communications",
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Biskaborn, BK, Smith, SL, Noetzli, J, Matthes, H, Vieira, G, Streletskiy, DA, Schoeneich, P, Romanovsky, VE, Lewkowicz, AG, Abramov, A, Allard, M, Boike, J, Cable, WL, Christiansen, HH, Delaloye, R, Diekmann, B, Drozdov, D, Etzelmüller, B, Grosse, G, Guglielmin, M, Ingeman-Nielsen, T, Isaksen, K, Ishikawa, M, Johansson, M, Johannsson, H, Joo, A, Kaverin, D, Kholodov, A, Konstantinov, P, Kröger, T, Lambiel, C, Lanckman, J-P, Luo, D, Malkova, G, Meiklejohn, I, Moskalenko, N, Oliva, M, Phillips, M, Ramos, M, Sannel, ABK, Sergeev, D, Seybold, C, Skryabin, P, Vasiliev, A, Wu, Q, Yoshikawa, K, Zheleznyak, M & Lantuit, H 2019, 'Permafrost is warming at a global scale', Nature Communications, vol. 10, no. 1, 264. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-08240-4

Permafrost is warming at a global scale. / Biskaborn, Boris K.; Smith, Sharon L.; Noetzli, Jeannette; Matthes, Heidrun; Vieira, Gonçalo; Streletskiy, Dmitry A.; Schoeneich, Philippe; Romanovsky, Vladimir E.; Lewkowicz, Antoni G.; Abramov, Andrey; Allard, Michel; Boike, Julia; Cable, William L.; Christiansen, Hanne H.; Delaloye, Reynald; Diekmann, Bernhard; Drozdov, Dmitry; Etzelmüller, Bernd; Grosse, Guido; Guglielmin, Mauro; Ingeman-Nielsen, Thomas; Isaksen, Ketil; Ishikawa, Mamoru; Johansson, Margareta; Johannsson, Halldor; Joo, Anseok; Kaverin, Dmitry; Kholodov, Alexander; Konstantinov, Pavel; Kröger, Tim; Lambiel, Christophe; Lanckman, Jean-Pierre; Luo, Dongliang; Malkova, Galina; Meiklejohn, Ian; Moskalenko, Natalia; Oliva, Marc; Phillips, Marcia; Ramos, Miguel; Sannel, A. Britta K.; Sergeev, Dmitrii; Seybold, Cathy; Skryabin, Pavel; Vasiliev, Alexander; Wu, Qingbai; Yoshikawa, Kenji; Zheleznyak, Mikhail; Lantuit, Hugues.

In: Nature Communications, Vol. 10, No. 1, 264, 2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Permafrost is warming at a global scale

AU - Biskaborn, Boris K.

AU - Smith, Sharon L.

AU - Noetzli, Jeannette

AU - Matthes, Heidrun

AU - Vieira, Gonçalo

AU - Streletskiy, Dmitry A.

AU - Schoeneich, Philippe

AU - Romanovsky, Vladimir E.

AU - Lewkowicz, Antoni G.

AU - Abramov, Andrey

AU - Allard, Michel

AU - Boike, Julia

AU - Cable, William L.

AU - Christiansen, Hanne H.

AU - Delaloye, Reynald

AU - Diekmann, Bernhard

AU - Drozdov, Dmitry

AU - Etzelmüller, Bernd

AU - Grosse, Guido

AU - Guglielmin, Mauro

AU - Ingeman-Nielsen, Thomas

AU - Isaksen, Ketil

AU - Ishikawa, Mamoru

AU - Johansson, Margareta

AU - Johannsson, Halldor

AU - Joo, Anseok

AU - Kaverin, Dmitry

AU - Kholodov, Alexander

AU - Konstantinov, Pavel

AU - Kröger, Tim

AU - Lambiel, Christophe

AU - Lanckman, Jean-Pierre

AU - Luo, Dongliang

AU - Malkova, Galina

AU - Meiklejohn, Ian

AU - Moskalenko, Natalia

AU - Oliva, Marc

AU - Phillips, Marcia

AU - Ramos, Miguel

AU - Sannel, A. Britta K.

AU - Sergeev, Dmitrii

AU - Seybold, Cathy

AU - Skryabin, Pavel

AU - Vasiliev, Alexander

AU - Wu, Qingbai

AU - Yoshikawa, Kenji

AU - Zheleznyak, Mikhail

AU - Lantuit, Hugues

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Permafrost warming has the potential to amplify global climate change, because when frozen sediments thaw it unlocks soil organic carbon. Yet to date, no globally consistent assessment of permafrost temperature change has been compiled. Here we use a global data set of permafrost temperature time series from the Global Terrestrial Network for Permafrost to evaluate temperature change across permafrost regions for the period since the International Polar Year (2007-2009). During the reference decade between 2007 and 2016, ground temperature near the depth of zero annual amplitude in the continuous permafrost zone increased by 0.39 ± 0.15 °C. Over the same period, discontinuous permafrost warmed by 0.20 ± 0.10 °C. Permafrost in mountains warmed by 0.19 ± 0.05 °C and in Antarctica by 0.37 ± 0.10 °C. Globally, permafrost temperature increased by 0.29 ± 0.12 °C. The observed trend follows the Arctic amplification of air temperature increase in the Northern Hemisphere. In the discontinuous zone, however, ground warming occurred due to increased snow thickness while air temperature remained statistically unchanged.

AB - Permafrost warming has the potential to amplify global climate change, because when frozen sediments thaw it unlocks soil organic carbon. Yet to date, no globally consistent assessment of permafrost temperature change has been compiled. Here we use a global data set of permafrost temperature time series from the Global Terrestrial Network for Permafrost to evaluate temperature change across permafrost regions for the period since the International Polar Year (2007-2009). During the reference decade between 2007 and 2016, ground temperature near the depth of zero annual amplitude in the continuous permafrost zone increased by 0.39 ± 0.15 °C. Over the same period, discontinuous permafrost warmed by 0.20 ± 0.10 °C. Permafrost in mountains warmed by 0.19 ± 0.05 °C and in Antarctica by 0.37 ± 0.10 °C. Globally, permafrost temperature increased by 0.29 ± 0.12 °C. The observed trend follows the Arctic amplification of air temperature increase in the Northern Hemisphere. In the discontinuous zone, however, ground warming occurred due to increased snow thickness while air temperature remained statistically unchanged.

U2 - 10.1038/s41467-018-08240-4

DO - 10.1038/s41467-018-08240-4

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 30651568

VL - 10

JO - Nature Communications

JF - Nature Communications

SN - 2041-1723

IS - 1

M1 - 264

ER -

Biskaborn BK, Smith SL, Noetzli J, Matthes H, Vieira G, Streletskiy DA et al. Permafrost is warming at a global scale. Nature Communications. 2019;10(1). 264. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-08240-4