Performance comparison between metal-organic framework (MOFs) and conventional desiccants (silica gel, zeolite) for a novel high temperature cooling system

Kan Zu, Shuqing Cui, Menghao Qin*

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

The use of desiccant-coated heat exchangers (DCHE) in air conditioning systems possesses great advantages in the independent control of both temperature and humidity, as well as low energy consumption and high coefficient of performance (COP). The paper presents a novel high temperature cooling system that uses metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) as sorbents for humidity control. MOFs are a new class of porous crystalline materials consisted of metal clusters and organic linkers, which have an excellent performance of water sorption due to the large specific surface areas and high porosity. In this research, we directly coat MOFs on the heat exchange surface of evaporator and condenser. The evaporator can simultaneously remove both the sensible and latent loads of the incoming air without reducing the temperature below its dew point. The regeneration of wet MOFs is completely driven by the residual heat from the condenser. We also make comparison between the MOF-coated cooling system and conventional desiccants coated ones (i.e. silica gel, zeolite) by way of tests and calculation. The results indicate that the dehumidification capacity of the MOF-coated heat exchanger outperforms other conventional desiccant coated ones under low regeneration temperature (~50℃). The MOF-coated system has a high COP, up to 7.9, and can save 36.1% of the energy required, compared to the traditional vapour compression system with reheating. The amphiphilic MOFs used in the study have high water uptake and low regeneration temperature, and they thus have the potential for being scaled up for large-scale applications in energy efficient air conditioning systems.
Original languageEnglish
Article number052013
JournalI O P Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
Volume609
Number of pages6
ISSN1757-8981
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Event10th International Conference on Indoor Air Quality, Ventilation and Energy Conservation in Buildings - Bari, Italy
Duration: 5 Sep 20197 Sep 2019
Conference number: 10

Conference

Conference10th International Conference on Indoor Air Quality, Ventilation and Energy Conservation in Buildings
Number10
CountryItaly
CityBari
Period05/09/201907/09/2019

Keywords

  • Humidity control
  • MOFs
  • Desiccant-coated heat exchanger
  • Energy efficiency

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