Performance characterization of nano-enhanced PV/T systems in various cross-sections, extended flow turbulators, fins, and corrugated patterns

Seyed Reza Maadi, Hossein Sabzali, Ahmad Arabkoohsar*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

Photovoltaic thermal (PV/T) systems may generate both heat and electricity from the sun. Modifying the collector’s thermal performance by passive methods is a reliable approach to making them more effective. This study compares the impact of different cross-sections, extended surface turbulators, fins, and corrugated patterns based on the ISO criterion when the working fluid is enriched by MWCNT-water nanofluid at . The multi-angle yet passive techniques used here, including the nanofluid in Longitudinal Fin (LF), Flat Plate Turbulator (FPT), Wedge Plate Turbulator (WPT), Triangular Corrugated Channel (TCC), and Wavy Corrugated Channel (WCC), and smooth channels, improve the optical efficiency ( and reduces the heat-loss coefficient ( by 6.8% and 19.6%, 12.5% and 29.3%, 12.5% and 27.7%, 11.7% and 23.6%, 10.81% and 22.9%, and 3.2% and 10.71% compared to the base case (i.e., the smooth channel with pure water) respectively. Pump power in WCC, TCC, and LF is negligible, leading to enhancement in electrical efficiency () up to 4.7% for the former two and 2.9% for the latter cases. However, plate turbulators show a decline in at higher inlet velocities due to increased pressure drop. A parametric study of FPT reveals that reducing height and periodic ratios effectively decrease pump power while slightly affecting the performance parameters (). The system’s performance is also evaluated using overall exergy efficiency () concept. The study finds the FPT configuration with the highest of 16%.
Original languageEnglish
Article number120720
JournalRenewable Energy
ISSN0960-1481
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2024

Keywords

  • Fins
  • Flow Turbulators
  • Nanofluid
  • Numerical Analysis
  • PV/T Panels
  • Passive Performance Enhancement Techniques

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