Peptidomic Fingerprints of Stored UHT Milk Inoculated with Protease Extracts from Different Pseudomonas Strains Relative to aprX Expression and Visible Spoilage

Miguel Aguilera Toro*, Søren Drud-Heydary Nielsen, Martin Laage Kragh, Yinghua Xiao, Lisbeth Truelstrup Hansen, Valentin Rauh, Lars Wiking, Nina Aagaard Poulsen, Lotte Bach Larsen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

Lately, concern about the protease AprX produced by Pseudomonas has increased in the dairy industry due to its ability to survive UHT treatment and spoil UHT milk. Efficient prediction methods for UHT milk spoilage are currently lacking, mainly due to high diversity in proteolytic potential between Pseudomonas strains. The present study aimed to gain more insight into the variability between Pseudomonas strains regarding proteolytic potential by comparing their proteolytic capability with their aprX expression levels and differences in peptide formation. The variability in aprX expression levels in four Pseudomonas strains were related to physical stability, milk proteolysis and peptidomic cleavage patterns of milk proteins in a storage experiment of UHT milk inoculated with protease extracellular extracts and stored for 45 days at 20 °C. A positive relationship was observed between the relative expression of aprX and milk proteolysis during storage, with the strain Pseudomonas panacis DSM 18529 showing the highest level in both parameters. This strain was the only strain to show visual gelation, which occurred after 21 days. The peptide formation analysis showed a similar protein hydrolysis pattern between strains and high hydrolysis of αs1-caseins during long-term spoilage putatively due to the activity of AprX was observed.
Original languageEnglish
JournalDairy
Volume4
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)83-97
Number of pages15
ISSN2624-862X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Keywords

  • Shelf-life
  • Protein hydrolysis
  • Peptide formation
  • Gene expression

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