Pelletizing properties of torrefied wheat straw

Wolfgang Stelte, Niels Peter Nielsen, Hans Ove Hansen, Jonas Dahl, Lei Shang, Anand Ramesh Sanadi

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


Combined torrefaction and pelletization are used to increase the fuel value of biomass by increasing its energy density and improving its handling and combustion properties. However, pelletization of torrefied biomass can be challenging and in this study the torrefaction and pelletizing properties of wheat straw have been analyzed. Laboratory equipment has been used to investigate the pelletizing properties of wheat straw torrefied at temperatures between 150 and 300 °C. IR spectroscopy and chemical analyses have shown that high torrefaction temperatures change the chemical properties of the wheat straw significantly, and the pelletizing analyses have shown that these changes correlate to changes in the pelletizing properties. Torrefaction increase the friction in the press channel and pellet strength and density decrease with an increase in torrefaction temperature.
Original languageEnglish
JournalBiomass & Bioenergy
Pages (from-to)214-221
Publication statusPublished - 2013


  • Biomass
  • Chemical analysis
  • Chemical properties
  • Laboratories
  • Pelletizing

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