Bloodstream infections and invasive nontyphoidal Salmonellosis in particular remain a major health and economic burden worldwide. The complexity of blood matrixes along with extremely low concentration of pathogens in blood poses a great challenge for rapid and ultrasensitive detection. Sample preparation has been the critical step that should provide blood-matrix-free sample with the targeted pathogen in the highest possible concentration. In this work, we addressed this challenge by combining magnetic-bead-based pathogen concentration and solid-phase PCR (SP-PCR). The SP-PCR performed on a supercritical angle fluorescence (SAF) microlens array embedded in a microchip enabled quick and accurate detection of low levels of Salmonella enterica serovar typhimurium and enteritidis in blood samples without culture enrichment. Protein AG-magnetic beads immobilized with antisalmonella antibody could efficiently concentrate both Salmonella serovars with a capturing efficiency >95%. Higher tolerance of Phusion hot start DNA polymerase to PCR inhibitors and its compatibility with protein AG-magnetic beads allowed the integration of SP-PCR. Analysis of Salmonella-spiked blood samples with the SP-PCR resulted in a limit of detection (LoD) as low as 86 CFU/mL and 94 CFU/mL for S. typhimurium and S. enteritidis, respectively, that could be attributed to the high fluorescence collection efficiency of the SAF microlens array. These combinations reduced the duration of analysis to less than 3 h including sample preparation. This platform has the potential for wide application as a high-throughput biosensor to analyze pathogens in clinical, food, and environmental samples.