Particulate emissions from a modern wood stove – influence of KCl

Yifan Du, Weigang Lin*, Peter Glarborg

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


Particulate matter (PM) generated by residential wood combustion is a major environmental concern in Europe. This study focuses on the influence of potassium chloride (KCl) on fine particle emissions from a modern wood stove. Wood logs with and without KCl impregnation were subjected to batch combustion and emission measurements. A bi-modal particle number-size distribution characterized by a nucleation mode and an accumulation mode was identified for all types of wood fuel. However, in the presence of KCl, a lower number emission of ultrafine particles and a higher number emission of larger particles (size ∼200-500 nm) were observed. In addition, the emission factor of condensed organic compounds (COC) increased with increasing KCl content, from 0.16 g/kg dry wood for normal wood (NW) to 0.48 g/kg dry wood for wood impregnated with the 2 mol/L KCl solution (HKW), most likely due to the facilitated heterogeneous condensation of semi-volatile hydrocarbons on pre-existing ash particles. In addition, the emission factor of soot particles also increased slightly when the KCl content was high, from 1.47 g/kg dry wood for NW to 2.23 g/kg dry wood for HKW.
Original languageEnglish
JournalRenewable Energy
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021


  • Particulate matter
  • Wood stoves
  • Emissions
  • Potassium chloride
  • Soot

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