Participation of an Energy Hub in Electricity and Heat Distribution Markets: An MPEC Approach

Rui Li, Qiuwei Wu, Wei Wei, Shengwei Mei*, Qinran Hu

*Corresponding author for this work

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Integration of electricity and heat distribution networks offers extra flexibility to system operation and improves energy efficiency. The energy hub (EH) plays an important role in energy production, conversion and storage in such coupled infrastructures. This paper provides a new outlook and thorough mathematical tool for studying the integrated energy system from a deregulated market perspective. A mathematic program with equilibrium constraints (MPEC) model is proposed to study the strategic behaviors of a profit-driven energy hub in the electricity market and heating market under the background of energy system integration. In the upper level, the EH submits bids of prices and quantities to a distribution power market and a heating market; in the lower level, the two markets are cleared and energy contracts between the EH and two energy markets are determined. Network constraints of physical systems are explicitly represented by an optimal power flow problem and an optimal thermal flow problem. The proposed MPEC formulation is approximated by a mixed-integer linear program via performing integer disjunctions on the complementarity and slackness conditions and binary expansion technique on the bilinear production terms. Case studies demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed model and method.
Original languageEnglish
JournalI E E E Transactions on Smart Grid
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)3641-3653
Number of pages13
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • Energy hub
  • District heating network
  • Distribution power network
  • Strategic bidding
  • MPEC

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