Paradigms for biologically inspired design

T. A. Lenau, A. L. Metze, T. Hesselberg

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

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Biologically inspired design is attracting increasing interest since it offers access to a huge biological repository of wellproven design principles that can be used for developing new and innovative products. Biological phenomena can inspireproduct innovation in as diverse areas as mechanical engineering, medical engineering, nanotechnology, photonics,environmental protection and agriculture. However, a major obstacle for the wider use of biologically inspired design isthe knowledge barrier that exist between the application engineers that have insight into how to design suitable productsand the biologists with detailed knowledge and experience in understanding how biological organisms function in theirenvironment. The biologically inspired design process can therefore be approached using different design paradigmsdepending on the dominant opportunities, challenges and knowledge characteristics. Design paradigms are typicallycharacterized as either problem-driven, solution-driven, sustainability driven, bioreplication or a combination of two ormore of them. The design paradigms represent different ways of overcoming the knowledge barrier and the present paperpresents a review of their characterization and application.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of SPIE
EditorsAkhlesh Lakhtakia
Number of pages21
PublisherSPIE - International Society for Optical Engineering
Publication date2018
Article number1059302
Publication statusPublished - 2018
EventSPIE Smart Structures and Materials + Nondestructive Evaluation and Health Monitoring - Denver, United States
Duration: 4 Mar 20188 Mar 2018


ConferenceSPIE Smart Structures and Materials + Nondestructive Evaluation and Health Monitoring
CountryUnited States


  • Biomimicry
  • Bio-inspired design
  • Biomimetics
  • Problem-driven
  • Solution-driven
  • Bioreplication
  • Nature inspired design

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