Oxygen vacancies: The (in)visible friend of oxide electronics

Felix Gunkel*, Dennis Valbjørn Christensen, Yunzhong Chen, Nini Pryds

*Corresponding author for this work

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Oxygen vacancies play crucial roles in determining the physical properties of metal oxides, representing important building blocks in many scientific and technological fields due to their unique chemical, physical, and electronic properties. However, oxygen vacancies are often invisible because of their dilute concentrations. Therefore, characterizing and quantifying their presence is of utmost importance for understanding and realizing functional metal oxide devices. This, however, is oftentimes a non-trivial task. In this Perspective paper, we discuss the relevant regimes of concentrations and associated phenomena arising from oxygen vacancies. We then focus on experimental techniques available for observing oxygen vacancies at widely different levels of concentrations. Finally, we discuss current challenges and opportunities for utilizing oxygen vacancies in metal oxides.
F.G. thanks funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program under Marie Sklodowska-Curie Grant Agreement No. 713683 (COFUNDfellowsDTU). N.P. and D.V.C. would like to thank the support from the Independent Research Fund Denmark, Grant No. 6111-00145B. N.P. furthermore is thankful for support from the BioWings project funded by the European Union's Horizon 2020, Future and Emerging Technologies (FET) programme (Grant No. 801267). Y.Z.C. thanks the support from the Independent Research Fund Denmark, Grant No. 9041-00034B.
Original languageEnglish
Article number120505
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number12
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 2020


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