Oxidative stress‐alleviating strategies to improve recombinant protein production in CHO cells

Valentine Chevallier*, Mikael Rørdam Andersen, Laetitia Malphettes

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

Large scale biopharmaceutical production of biologics relies on the overexpression of foreign proteins by cells cultivated in stirred tank bioreactors. It is well recognized and documented fact that protein overexpression may impact host cell metabolism and that factors associated with large scale culture, such as the hydrodynamic forces and inhomogeneities within the bioreactors, may promote cellular stress. The metabolic adaptations required to support high level expression of recombinant proteins include increased energy production and improved secretory capacity, which, in turn, can lead to a rise of reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated through the respiration metabolism and the interaction with media components. Oxidative stress is defined as the imbalance between the production of free radicals and the antioxidant response within the cells. Accumulation of intracellular ROS can interfere with the cellular activities and exert cytotoxic effects via the alternation of cellular components. In this context, strategies aiming to alleviate oxidative stress generated during the culture have been developed to improve cell growth, productivity, and reduce product microheterogeneity. In this review, we present a summary of the different approaches used to decrease the oxidative stress in CHO cells, and highlight media development and cell engineering as the main pathways through which ROS levels may be kept under control.
Original languageEnglish
JournalBiotechnology and Bioengineering
Volume117
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)1172-1186
Number of pages15
ISSN0006-3592
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Chinese hamster ovary cells
  • CHO
  • Oxidative stress
  • Cell engineering
  • Antioxidant

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