Oxidation study of coated Crofer 22 APU steel in dry oxygen

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The effect of a dual layer coating composed of a layer of a Co3O4 and a layer of a La0.85Sr0.15MnO3/Co3O4 mixture on the high temperature corrosion of the Crofer 22 APU alloy is reported. Oxidation experiments were performed in dry oxygen at three temperatures: 800 °C, 850 °C and 900 °C for periods up to 1000 h. Additionally at 850 °C a 5000 h long oxidation test was performed to evaluate longer term suitability of the proposed coating. Corrosion kinetics were evaluated by measuring mass gain during oxidation. The corrosion kinetics for the coated samples are analyzed in terms of a parabolic rate law. Microstructural features were investigated by scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray analysis and X-ray diffractometry. The coating is effective in reducing the corrosion rate and in ensuring long lifetime of coated alloys. The calculated activation energy for the corrosion process is around 1.8 eV. A complex Co–Mn–Cr spinel is formed caused by diffusion of Cr and Mn from the alloy into the Co3O4 coating and by additional diffusion of Mn from the LSM layer. Adding a layer of LSM/Co3O4, acting as an additional Mn source, on top of the cobalt spinel is beneficial for the improved corrosion resistance.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Pages (from-to)488-495
Publication statusPublished - 2014


  • High temperature corrosion
  • Protective coating
  • Solid oxide electrolysis
  • Interconnect

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