Oxidant-induced modifications in the mucosal transcriptome and circulating metabolome of Atlantic salmon

Carlo C. Lazado*, Lars-Flemming Pedersen, Katrine H. Kirste, Malene Soleng, Mette W. Breiland, Gerrit Timmerhaus

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

Here we report the molecular networks associated with the mucosal and systemic responses to peracetic acid (PAA), a candidate oxidative chemotherapeutic in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Smolts were exposed to different therapeutic doses (0, 0.6 and 2.4 mg/L) of PAA for 5 min, followed by a re-exposure to the same concentrations for 30 min 2 weeks later. PAA-exposed groups have higher external welfare score alterations, especially 2 weeks after the re-exposure. Cases of fin damage and scale loss were prevalent in the PAA-exposed groups. Transcriptomic profiling of mucosal tissues revealed that the skin had 12.5 % more differentially regulated genes (DEGs) than the gills following PAA exposure. The largest cluster of DEGs, both in the skin and gills, were involved in tissue extracellular matrix and metabolism. There were 22 DEGs common to both mucosal tissues, which were represented primarily by genes involved in the biophysical integrity of the mucosal barrier, including cadherin, collagen I α 2 chain, mucin-2 and spondin 1a. The absence of significant clustering in the plasma metabolomes amongst the three treatment groups indicates that PAA treatment did not induce any global metabolomic disturbances. Nonetheless, five metabolites with known functions during oxidative stress were remarkably affected by PAA treatments such as citrulline, histidine, tryptophan, methionine and trans-4-hydroxyproline. Collectively, these results indicate that salmon were able to mount mucosal and systemic adaptive responses to therapeutic doses of PAA and that the molecules identified are potential markers for assessing the health and welfare consequences of oxidant exposure.
Original languageEnglish
Article number105625
JournalAquatic Toxicology
Volume227
Number of pages11
ISSN0166-445X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Amoebic gill disease
  • Aquaculture
  • Disinfectant
  • Mucosal immunity
  • Oxidative tree
  • Peroxide
  • Metabolomics

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