Overview of progress in European medium sized tokamaks towards an integrated plasma-edge/wall solution

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article – Annual report year: 2017Researchpeer-review

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  • Author: Meyer, H.

  • Author: Eich, T.

  • Author: Beurskens, M.

  • Author: Coda, S.

  • Author: Hakola, A.H.

  • Author: Martin, P.

  • Author: Adamek, J.

  • Author: Agostini, M.

  • Author: Aguiam, D.

  • Author: Ahn, J.

  • Author: Aho-Mantila, L.

  • Author: Akers, R.

  • Author: Albanese, R.

  • Author: Aledda, R.

  • Author: Alessi, E.

  • Author: Allan, Jonathan S.

  • Author: da Costa Alves Machado, Simone

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  • Author: Amicucci, L.

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  • Author: Ferreira, J.

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  • Author: Ficker, O.

  • Author: Fietz, S.

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  • Author: Figueiredo, A.

  • Author: Fil, A.

  • Author: Fishpool, G.

  • Author: FitzGerald, Michael

  • Author: Fontana, M.

  • Author: Ford, O.

  • Author: Frassinetti, L

  • Author: Fridström, R.

  • Author: Frigione, D.

  • Author: Fuchert, G.

  • Author: Fuchs, C.

  • Author: Furno Palumbo, M.

  • Author: Futatani, S.

  • Author: Gabellieri, L.

  • Author: Gałązka, K.

  • Author: Galdon-Quiroga, J.

  • Author: Galeani, S.

  • Author: Gallart, D.

  • Author: Gallo, Antonio

  • Author: Galperti, C.

  • Author: Gao, Y.

  • Author: Garavaglia, S.

  • Author: Garcia, J.

  • Author: Garcia-Carrasco, A.

  • Author: Garcia Lopez, J.

  • Author: García-Muñoz, M.

  • Author: Gardarein, J.-L.

  • Author: Garzotti, L.

  • Author: Gaspar, J.

  • Author: Gauthier, E.

  • Author: Geelen, P.

  • Author: Geiger, B.

  • Author: Ghendrih, P.

  • Author: Ghezzi, F.

  • Author: Giacomelli, L.

  • Author: Giannone, L.

  • Author: Giovannozzi, E.

  • Author: Giroud, C.

  • Author: Gleason González, C.

  • Author: Gobbin, M.

  • Author: Goodman, T.P.

  • Author: Gorini, G.

  • Author: Gospodarczyk, M.

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  • Author: Henderson, S. S.

  • Author: Hennequin, P.

  • Author: Heyn, M.

  • Author: Hnat, B.

  • Author: Hölzl, M.

  • Author: Hogeweij, G.M.D.

  • Author: Honoré, Connie

  • Author: Hopf, C.

  • Author: Horáček, J.

  • Author: Hornung, G.

  • Author: Horvath, L.

  • Author: Huang, Zhiwei

  • Author: Huber, Andreas

  • Author: Igitkhanov, J.

  • Author: Igochine, V.

  • Author: Imrisek, M.

  • Author: Innocente, P.

  • Author: Ionita-Schrittwieser, C.

  • Author: Isliker, H.

  • Author: Ivanova-Stanik, I.

  • Author: Jacobsen, Asger Schou

    Plasma Physics and Fusion Energy, Department of Physics, Technical University of Denmark, Denmark

  • Author: Jacquet, P.

  • Author: Jakubowski, M.

  • Author: Jardin, A.

  • Author: Jaulmes, F.

  • Author: Jenko, F.

  • Author: Jensen, Thomas

    Plasma Physics and Fusion Energy, Department of Physics, Technical University of Denmark, Fysikvej, 2800, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark

  • Author: Olsen, Jeppe Miki Busk

    Plasma Physics and Fusion Energy, Department of Physics, Technical University of Denmark, Fysikvej, 2800, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark

  • Author: Jessen, Martin

    Plasma Physics and Fusion Energy, Department of Physics, Technical University of Denmark, Fysikvej, 2800, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark

  • Author: Joffrin, E.

  • Author: Jones, O.

  • Author: Jonsson, T.

  • Author: Kallenbach, A.

  • Author: Kallinikos, N.

  • Author: Kalvin, S.

  • Author: Kappatou, A.

  • Author: Karhunen, J.

  • Author: Karpushov, A.

  • Author: Kasilov, S.

  • Author: Kasprowicz, G.

  • Author: Kendl, A.

  • Author: Kernbichler, W.

  • Author: Kim, D.

  • Author: Kirk, A.

  • Author: Kjer, S.

    Technical University of Denmark, Denmark

  • Author: Klimek, I.

  • Author: Kocsis, G.

  • Author: Kogut, D.

  • Author: Komm, M.

  • Author: Korsholm, Søren Bang

    Plasma Physics and Fusion Energy, Department of Physics, Technical University of Denmark, Fysikvej, 2800, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark

  • Author: Koslowski, H R

  • Author: Koubiti, M.

  • Author: Kovacic, J.

  • Author: Kovarik, K.

  • Author: Krawczyk, N.

  • Author: Krbec, J.

  • Author: Krieger, K.

  • Author: Krivska, A.

  • Author: Kube, R.

  • Author: Kudlacek, O.

  • Author: Kurki-Suonio, T.

  • Author: Labit, B.

  • Author: Laggner, F.M.

  • Author: Laguardia, L.

  • Author: Lahtinen, Annukka M

  • Author: Lalousis, P.

  • Author: Lang, P.T.

  • Author: Lauber, P.

  • Author: Lazanyi, N.

  • Author: Lazaros, A.

  • Author: Le, H.B.

  • Author: Lebschy, A.

  • Author: Leddy, J.

  • Author: Lefèvre, Laure

  • Author: Lehnen, M.

  • Author: Leipold, Frank

    Plasma Physics and Fusion Energy, Department of Physics, Technical University of Denmark, Fysikvej, 2800, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark

  • Author: Lessig, A.

  • Author: Leyland, M.

  • Author: Li, L.

  • Author: Liang, Y.

  • Author: Lipschultz, B.

  • Author: Liu, Y. Q.

  • Author: Loarer, T.

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  • Author: Loewenhoff, T.

  • Author: Lomanowski, B.

  • Author: Loschiavo, V.P.

  • Author: Lunt, T.

  • Author: Lupelli, I.

  • Author: Lux, H.

  • Author: Lyssoivan, A.

  • Author: Madsen, Jens

    Department of Physics, Technical University of Denmark, Fysikvej, 2800, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark

  • Author: Maget, P.

  • Author: Maggi, C.

  • Author: Maggiora, R.

  • Author: Magnussen, Michael Løiten

    Plasma Physics and Fusion Energy, Department of Physics, Technical University of Denmark, Fysikvej, 2800, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark

  • Author: Mailloux, J.

  • Author: Maljaars, B.

  • Author: Malygin, S.A.

  • Author: Mantica, P.

  • Author: Mantsinen, M.

  • Author: Maraschek, M.

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  • Author: Marconato, N.

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  • Author: Martín-Solís, J. R.

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  • Author: Merle, A.

  • Author: Meyer, O.

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  • Author: Molina, Daniel R.

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  • Author: Moulton, D.

  • Author: Müller, H.W.

  • Author: Nabais, F.

  • Author: Nardon, E.

  • Author: Naulin, Volker

    Plasma Physics and Fusion Energy, Department of Physics, Technical University of Denmark, Fysikvej, 2800, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark

  • Author: Nemes-Czopf, A.

  • Author: Nespoli, F.

  • Author: Neu, R.

  • Author: Nielsen, Anders Henry

    Plasma Physics and Fusion Energy, Department of Physics, Technical University of Denmark, Fysikvej, 2800, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark

  • Author: Nielsen, Stefan Kragh

    Plasma Physics and Fusion Energy, Department of Physics, Technical University of Denmark, Fysikvej, 2800, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark

  • Author: Nikolaeva, V.

  • Author: Nimb, Søren Robert

    Department of Physics, Technical University of Denmark, Fysikvej, 2800, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark

  • Author: Nocente, M.

  • Author: Nouailletas, R.

  • Author: Nowak, S.

  • Author: Oberkofler, M.

  • Author: Oberparleiter, M.

  • Author: Ochoukov, R.

  • Author: Odstrčil, T.

  • Author: Olsen, J.

    Technical University of Denmark, Denmark

  • Author: Omotani, J.

  • Author: O’Mullane, M.G.

  • Author: Orain, F.

  • Author: Osterman, N.

  • Author: Paccagnella, R.

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  • Author: Ramogida, G.

  • Author: Rapson, C.

  • Author: Rasmussen, Jens Juul

    Plasma Physics and Fusion Energy, Department of Physics, Technical University of Denmark, Fysikvej, 2800, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark

  • Author: Rasmussen, Jesper

    Plasma Physics and Fusion Energy, Department of Physics, Technical University of Denmark, Fysikvej, 2800, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark

  • Author: Rattá, G.A.

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  • Author: Saint-Laurent, F.

  • Author: Salewski, Mirko

    Plasma Physics and Fusion Energy, Department of Physics, Technical University of Denmark, Fysikvej, 2800, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark

  • Author: Salmi, A.

  • Author: Samaddar, D.

  • Author: Sanchis-Sanchez, L.

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    Plasma Physics and Fusion Energy, Department of Physics, Technical University of Denmark, Fysikvej, 2800, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark

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    Plasma Physics and Fusion Energy, Department of Physics, Technical University of Denmark, Fysikvej, 2800, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark

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Integrating the plasma core performance with an edge and scrape-off layer (SOL) that leads to tolerable heat and particle loads on the wall is a major challenge. The new European medium size tokamak task force (EU-MST) coordinates research on ASDEX Upgrade (AUG), MAST and TCV. This multi-machine approach within EU-MST, covering a wide parameter range, is instrumental to progress in the field, as ITER and DEMO core/pedestal and SOL parameters are not achievable simultaneously in present day devices. A two prong approach is adopted. On the one hand, scenarios with tolerable transient heat and particle loads, including active edge localised mode (ELM) control are developed. On the other hand, divertor solutions including advanced magnetic configurations are studied. Considerable progress has been made on both approaches, in particular in the fields of: ELM control with resonant magnetic perturbations (RMP), small ELM regimes, detachment onset and control, as well as filamentary scrape-off-layer transport. For example full ELM suppression has now been achieved on AUG at low collisionality with n  =  2 RMP maintaining good confinement HH(98,y2)≈0.95 Advances have been made with respect to detachment onset and control. Studies in advanced divertor configurations (Snowflake, Super-X and X-point target divertor) shed new light on SOL physics. Cross field filamentary transport has been characterised in a wide parameter regime on AUG, MAST and TCV progressing the theoretical and experimental understanding crucial for predicting first wall loads in ITER and DEMO. Conditions in the SOL also play a crucial role for ELM stability and access to small ELM regimes.
Original languageEnglish
Article number102014
JournalNuclear Fusion
Volume57
Issue number10
Number of pages15
ISSN0029-5515
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017
CitationsWeb of Science® Times Cited: No match on DOI

    Research areas

  • Edge localised modes, Divertor, Heat loads, ASDEX upgrade, MAST, TCV, Alternative divertor concepts

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