Gamete cryopreservation causes cellular damage and death. This study develops cryopreservation techniques for Levantine scraper, and deciphers how early offspring development is affected when eggs are sired with fresh and frozen-thawed sperm. Cryopreserved sperm did not affect embryogenesis at 2- and 4-cell stages, but impaired embryonic development at 8-cell stage. Embryonic viability decreased at organogenesis, where only 34-49% of embryos showed viability with frozen-thawed sperm. Hatching success and percentage of normal hatched embryos declined when fertilized with frozen-thawed sperm. Considering only frozen-thawed cells the DMSO-5%, METH-5%, and METH-10% treatments yielded highest hatch, while METH-5% and PG-5% yielded the most normal hatched embryos. Larval spinal torsion was higher for fresh than frozen-thawed sperm, where larvae with spinal torsion showed vertebral fusion and shape alterations during exogenous feeding. Both fresh and cryopreserved treatments showed abnormalities in caudal skeleton, while rates of defective yolk-sacs were higher for cryopreserved sperm, where larvae with defective yolks showed oversized yolk extension. Percentage of larvae with defective heads/eyes were also higher for cryopreserved sperm. Results show how frozen-thawed sperm impairs embryonic/larvae development and identifies frequency and position of abnormalities. Future studies should investigate how sperm DNA damage may have caused these alterations. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
|Number of pages||16|
|Publication status||Published - 2019|
- Early life history
- Gene bank
- Larval morphology