Outage Management of Hybrid AC/DC Distribution Systems: Co-Optimize Service Restoration with Repair Crew and Mobile Energy Storage System Dispatch

Lu Zhang, Shunjiang Yu, Bo Zhang*, Gen Li, Yongxiang Cai, Wei Tang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

To achieve the most efficient restoration of hybrid AC/DC distribution system, this paper proposes an outage management through co-optimizing service restoration with repair crew (RC) and mobile energy storage system (MESS) dispatch. Firstly, this paper proposes a hybrid AC/DC distribution system restoration (DSR) model considering network reconfiguration, distributed generation (DG) islanded operation and voltage source converter (VSC) based DSR, which means adjusting VSC control mode to realize uninterrupted power supply of loads. In the DSR model, a restoration coordination model that can coordinate network reconfiguration and the control modes of VSCs, DGs and MESS discharge stations is developed to ensure the radial configuration of the system. Moreover, to accurately calculate the power flow of the system during a failure of VSCs, a new power flow model considering VSC’s operation status is proposed in the DSR model. Then, a bi-level co-optimization method is developed based on the DSR model and improved dispatch models of RC and MESS. The upper level co-optimizes hybrid AC/DC distribution system restoration with RC and MESS dispatch to maximize the restored loads. The lower level further optimizes the power outputs of VSCs and DGs to minimize the voltage deviation of the restored loads. Finally, simulations studies are performed to verify the effectiveness and superiority of the proposed method.
Original languageEnglish
Article number120422
JournalApplied Energy
Volume335
Number of pages14
ISSN0306-2619
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Keywords

  • Hybrid AC/DC distribution system
  • Distribution system restoration
  • Repair crew
  • Mobile energy storage system
  • Voltage source converter
  • Co-optimization

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