Lately, requests have been made for including the contexts of enterprises in models to prevent accidents at work. This paper/article presents different contextual theories in order to prove/analyze whether this type of theories could be a way to introduce the context. A differentiation is made between understanding the processes in the enterprises and understanding the contextual relations. Decision-making theories are used to explain the internal processes. And regulatory approaches are used to describe the role of the state in regard to accident prevention in enterprises. Eventually, contextual theories are presented as theories to perceive the relation between enterprise and context. The conclusion is that there is a basis for using contextual theories in a new approach, but also an investigation of the potentials for making the theories action-orientated is needed.
Dyhrberg, M. B., & Jensen, P. L. (2004). Organizations in context: proposal for a new theoretical approach in prescriptive accident research. Safety Science, 42(10), 961-977. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.20047.04.003