In this study, Organizational Life Cycle Assessment (OLCA) was applied to a multisite beverage company along with a product LCA to one of its representative beverage product. Results proved that, given a certain production mix and volume, different allocations of production of the specific beverage product among different sites could improve the product environmental performances but worsen the overall organizational environmental performances. Therefore, it is important to use both LCA and OLCA results to effectively plan environmental performance improvement of a company and that production allocation strategies should be considered to avoid environmental burden shifting.
Bibliographical noteThis is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license.
- Burden shifting
- Climate change
- Fossil depletion
- Production allocation
- Water scarcity
Manzardo, A., Loss, A., Niero, M., Vianello, C., & Scipioni, A. (2018). Organizational Life Cycle Assessment: The Introduction of the Production Allocation Burden. Procedia CIRP, 69, 429-434. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procir.2017.11.002