Orbital Angular Momentum States Enabling Fiber-based High-dimensional Quantum Communication

Daniele Cozzolino*, Davide Bacco, Beatrice da Lio, Kasper Ingerslev, Yunhong Ding, Kjeld Dalgaard, Poul Kristensen, Michael Galili, Karsten Rottwitt, Siddharth Ramachandran, Leif Katsuo Oxenløwe

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

Quantum networks are the ultimate target in quantum communication, where many connected users can share information carried by quantum systems. The keystones of such structures are the reliable generation, transmission, and manipulation of quantum states. Two-dimensional quantum states, qubits, are steadily adopted as information units. However, high-dimensional quantum states, qudits, constitute a richer resource for future quantum networks, exceeding the limitations imposed by the ubiquitous qubits. The generation and manipulation of such D-level systems have been improved over the last ten years, but their reliable transmission between remote locations remains the main challenge. Here, we show how a recent air-core fiber supporting orbital angular momentum (OAM) modes can be exploited to faithfully transmit D-dimensional states. Four OAM quantum states and their superpositions are created, propagated in a 1.2-km-long fiber and detected with high fidelities. In addition, three quantum-key-distribution protocols are implemented as concrete applications to assert the practicality of our results. This experiment enhances the distribution of high-dimensional quantum states, attesting the orbital angular momentum as a vessel for the future quantum network
Original languageEnglish
Article number064058
JournalPhysical Review Applied
Volume11
Number of pages12
ISSN2331-7019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Cite this

@article{57a4250217f545228c941857d6bebc74,
title = "Orbital Angular Momentum States Enabling Fiber-based High-dimensional Quantum Communication",
abstract = "Quantum networks are the ultimate target in quantum communication, where many connected users can share information carried by quantum systems. The keystones of such structures are the reliable generation, transmission, and manipulation of quantum states. Two-dimensional quantum states, qubits, are steadily adopted as information units. However, high-dimensional quantum states, qudits, constitute a richer resource for future quantum networks, exceeding the limitations imposed by the ubiquitous qubits. The generation and manipulation of such D-level systems have been improved over the last ten years, but their reliable transmission between remote locations remains the main challenge. Here, we show how a recent air-core fiber supporting orbital angular momentum (OAM) modes can be exploited to faithfully transmit D-dimensional states. Four OAM quantum states and their superpositions are created, propagated in a 1.2-km-long fiber and detected with high fidelities. In addition, three quantum-key-distribution protocols are implemented as concrete applications to assert the practicality of our results. This experiment enhances the distribution of high-dimensional quantum states, attesting the orbital angular momentum as a vessel for the future quantum network",
author = "Daniele Cozzolino and Davide Bacco and {da Lio}, Beatrice and Kasper Ingerslev and Yunhong Ding and Kjeld Dalgaard and Poul Kristensen and Michael Galili and Karsten Rottwitt and Siddharth Ramachandran and Oxenl{\o}we, {Leif Katsuo}",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1103/PhysRevApplied.11.064058",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
journal = "Physical Review Applied",
issn = "2331-7019",
publisher = "American Physical Society",

}

Orbital Angular Momentum States Enabling Fiber-based High-dimensional Quantum Communication. / Cozzolino, Daniele; Bacco, Davide; da Lio, Beatrice; Ingerslev, Kasper; Ding, Yunhong; Dalgaard, Kjeld; Kristensen, Poul; Galili, Michael; Rottwitt, Karsten; Ramachandran, Siddharth; Oxenløwe, Leif Katsuo.

In: Physical Review Applied, Vol. 11, 064058, 2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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T1 - Orbital Angular Momentum States Enabling Fiber-based High-dimensional Quantum Communication

AU - Cozzolino, Daniele

AU - Bacco, Davide

AU - da Lio, Beatrice

AU - Ingerslev, Kasper

AU - Ding, Yunhong

AU - Dalgaard, Kjeld

AU - Kristensen, Poul

AU - Galili, Michael

AU - Rottwitt, Karsten

AU - Ramachandran, Siddharth

AU - Oxenløwe, Leif Katsuo

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Quantum networks are the ultimate target in quantum communication, where many connected users can share information carried by quantum systems. The keystones of such structures are the reliable generation, transmission, and manipulation of quantum states. Two-dimensional quantum states, qubits, are steadily adopted as information units. However, high-dimensional quantum states, qudits, constitute a richer resource for future quantum networks, exceeding the limitations imposed by the ubiquitous qubits. The generation and manipulation of such D-level systems have been improved over the last ten years, but their reliable transmission between remote locations remains the main challenge. Here, we show how a recent air-core fiber supporting orbital angular momentum (OAM) modes can be exploited to faithfully transmit D-dimensional states. Four OAM quantum states and their superpositions are created, propagated in a 1.2-km-long fiber and detected with high fidelities. In addition, three quantum-key-distribution protocols are implemented as concrete applications to assert the practicality of our results. This experiment enhances the distribution of high-dimensional quantum states, attesting the orbital angular momentum as a vessel for the future quantum network

AB - Quantum networks are the ultimate target in quantum communication, where many connected users can share information carried by quantum systems. The keystones of such structures are the reliable generation, transmission, and manipulation of quantum states. Two-dimensional quantum states, qubits, are steadily adopted as information units. However, high-dimensional quantum states, qudits, constitute a richer resource for future quantum networks, exceeding the limitations imposed by the ubiquitous qubits. The generation and manipulation of such D-level systems have been improved over the last ten years, but their reliable transmission between remote locations remains the main challenge. Here, we show how a recent air-core fiber supporting orbital angular momentum (OAM) modes can be exploited to faithfully transmit D-dimensional states. Four OAM quantum states and their superpositions are created, propagated in a 1.2-km-long fiber and detected with high fidelities. In addition, three quantum-key-distribution protocols are implemented as concrete applications to assert the practicality of our results. This experiment enhances the distribution of high-dimensional quantum states, attesting the orbital angular momentum as a vessel for the future quantum network

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