Optimum sizing of offshore wind farm export cables

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A methodology for optimum sizing of offshore wind farms high voltage AC export cables is presented. The method uses as main input site-dependent time series of wind power generation and seabed temperature, in order to apply Dynamic Temperature Estimation (DTE) analysis using a Thermo-Electrical Equivalent model (TEE), followed by an estimation of loss-of-life fractions in the insulation materials through a probabilistic lifetime model, known as Arrhenius-IPM. The lifetime estimation takes into consideration the effects of cable total length: the high capacitive currents and the statistical volume enlargement law. Furthermore, the cable lifetime is inferred based on the accumulated ageing effects previously quantified. The methodology is embedded in an optimization framework which provides a transparent, flexible, and scalable formulation. Finally, the applicability of the method is illustrated through a case study, complemented with a sensitivity analysis targeting the main parameters. Results show that a reduction of the objective function of around 5% is achieved when using the proposed methodology.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems
Pages (from-to)982-990
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • AC transmission cables
  • Dynamic temperature estimation
  • Electro-thermal stress
  • Offshore wind energy
  • Optimization
  • Probabilistic lifetime estimation


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