Optimization of heterogeneously integrated InP-Si on-chip photonic components

Paweł MrowińSki*, Paweł Holewa, Aurimas Sakanas, Grzegorz Sęk, Elizaveta Semenova, Marcin Syperek

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

We demonstrate comprehensive numerical studies on a hybrid III-V/Si-based waveguide system, serving as a platform for efficient light coupling between an integrated III-V quantum dot emitter to an on-chip quantum photonic integrated circuit defined on a silicon substrate. We propose a platform consisting of a hybrid InP/Si waveguide and an InP-embedded InAs quantum dot, emitting at the telecom C-band near 1550 nm. The platform can be fabricated using existing semiconductor processing technologies. Our numerical studies reveal nearly 87% of the optical field transfer efficiency between geometrically-optimized InP/Si and Si waveguides, considering propagating field along a tapered geometry. The coupling efficiency of a directional dipole emission to the hybrid InP/Si waveguide is evaluated to ∼38%, which results in more than 33% of the total on-chip optical field transfer efficiency from the dipole to the Si waveguide. We also consider the off-chip outcoupling efficiency of the propagating photon field along the Si waveguide by examining the normal to the chip plane and in-plane outcoupling configurations. In the former case, the outcoupling amounts to ∼26% when using the circular Bragg grating outcoupler design. In the latter case, the efficiency reaches up to 8%. Finally, we conclude that the conceptual device’s performance is weakly susceptible to the transferred photon wavelength, offering a broadband operation within the 1.5-1.6 µm spectral range.

Original languageEnglish
JournalOptics Express
Volume31
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)1541-1556
ISSN1094-4087
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

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