Optimization of H2SO4-catalyzed hydrothermal pretreatment of rapeseed straw for bioconversion to ethanol: Focusing on pretreatment at high solids content

Lu Xuebin, Y. Zhang, Irini Angelidaki

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Abstract

A central composite design of response surface method was used to optimize H2SO4-catalyzed hydrothermal pretreatment of rapeseed straw, in respect to acid concentration (0.5-2%), treatment time (5-20 min) and solid content (10-20%) at 180 degrees C. Enzymatic hydrolysis and fermentation were also measured to evaluate the optimal pretreatment conditions for maximizing ethanol production. The results showed that acid concentration and treatment time were more significant than solid content for optimization of xylose release and cellulose recovery. Pretreatment with 1% sulfuric acid and 20% solid content for 10 min at 180 degrees C was found to be the most optimal condition for pretreatment of rapeseed straw for ethanol production. After pretreatment at the optimal condition and enzymatic hydrolysis, 75.12% total xylan and 63.17% total glucan were converted to xylose and glucose, respectively. Finally, 66.79% of theoretical ethanol yielded after fermentation.
Original languageEnglish
JournalBioresource Technology
Volume100
Issue number12
Pages (from-to)3048-3053
ISSN0960-8524
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Keywords

  • Hydrothermal pretreatment
  • Bioethanol
  • Rapeseed straw
  • H2SO4

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