Optimization of graded multilayer designs for astronomical x-ray telescopes

P.H. Mao, F.A. Harrison, D.L. Windt, Finn Erland Christensen

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


We developed a systematic method for optimizing the design of depth-graded multilayers for astronomical hard-x-ray and soft-gamma-ray telescopes based on the instrument's bandpass and the field of view. We apply these methods to the design of the conical-approximation Wolter I optics employed by the balloon-borne High Energy Focusing Telescope, using W/Si as the multilayer materials. In addition, we present optimized performance calculations of mirrors, using other material pairs that are capable of extending performance to photon energies above the W K-absorption edge (69.5 keV), including Pt/C, Ni/C, Cu/Si, and Mo/Si.
Original languageEnglish
JournalApplied Optics
Issue number22
Pages (from-to)4766-4775
Publication statusPublished - 1999

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Optimization of graded multilayer designs for astronomical x-ray telescopes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this