Optimization of China´s centralized domestic hot water system by applying Danish elements

Lipeng Zhang, Oddgeir Gudmundsson, Jan Eric Thorsen, Hongwei Li, Svend Svendsen

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Regardless of where they are in the world, people depend on a reliable and sufficient supply of domestic hot water (DHW) for daily use. Some countries that have district heating (DH) infrastructure, such as Denmark and China, combine spacing heating (SH) and DHW together, with the aim of having a smart, energy efficient and environmentally friendly energy-consumption system. Nevertheless, the development of centralized DHW (CDHW) systems in these two countries differs significantly. This article details the challenges China’s CDHW system is currently encountering and proposes to apply the flat station concept to improve China’s CDHW system. Meanwhile, the technical advantages of the Danish CDHW, which would benefit China, are analyzed. Overall, from a technical
point of view, the flat station concept is not only in line with China’s current DH conditions but would compensate for some technical defects of the existing CDHW system.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEnergy Procedia
Pages (from-to)2833-2840
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Event6th International Conference on Applied Energy - National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taipei City, Taiwan, Province of China
Duration: 30 May 20142 Jun 2014


Conference6th International Conference on Applied Energy
LocationNational Taiwan University of Science and Technology
CountryTaiwan, Province of China
CityTaipei City

Bibliographical note

This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license


  • Domestic hot water
  • District heating
  • Heat loss
  • Flat station
  • Legionella

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