Optimization and improvement of Halbach cylinder design

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    In this paper we describe the results of a parameter survey of a 16 segmented Halbach cylinder in three dimensions in which the parameters internal radius, rin, external radius, rex, and length, L, have been varied. Optimal values of rex and L were found for a Halbach cylinder with the least possible volume of magnets with a given mean flux density in the cylinder bore. The volume of the cylinder bore could also be significantly increased by only slightly increasing the volume of the magnets, for a fixed mean flux density. Placing additional blocks of magnets on the end faces of the Halbach cylinder also improved the mean flux density in the cylinder bore, especially so for short Halbach cylinders with large rex. Moreover, magnetic cooling as an application for Halbach cylinders was considered. A magnetic cooling quality parameter, Lambdacool, was introduced and results showed that this parameter was optimal for long Halbach cylinders with small rex. Using the previously mentioned additional blocks of magnets can improve the parameter by as much as 15% as well as improve the homogeneity of the field in the cylinder bore. ©2008 American Institute of Physics
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalJournal of Applied Physics
    Issue number1
    Pages (from-to)013910
    Publication statusPublished - 2008

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    Copyright (2008) American Institute of Physics. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the American Institute of Physics.

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