Optimised strut and tie model for integrated ULS- and SLS design of RC structures

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingBook chapterResearchpeer-review

34 Downloads (Pure)


The structural designer has to take serviceability - and ultimate- limit states into account when choosing layout and materials as there exists no universally used tool, which can consider both simultaneously. A tool for the ultimate limit state is the Finite Element Limit Analysis, which can perform material optimisation on a ground structure, which has been proven effective. Here the serviceability limit state is adapted to fit the optimisation in order to handle both limit states simultaneously in a convex solver.

As a first step towards a general tool, the method is set up for bar elements and applied to concrete structures yielding a so-called strut and tie model. For simple ground structures, the tool reproduces known solutions. For large scale structures subjected to multiple load cases the tool shows good results but did suffer from minor numerical instabilities.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationComputational Modelling of Concrete and Concrete Structures
EditorsGünther Meschke, Bernhard Pichler, Jan G. Rots
PublisherCRC Press
Publication date2022
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-032-32724-2
Publication statusPublished - 2022


Dive into the research topics of 'Optimised strut and tie model for integrated ULS- and SLS design of RC structures'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this