Optimisation of the fuelling of hydrogen vehicles using cascade systems and ejectors

B. Rogié*, C. Wen, M. R. Kærn, E. Rothuizen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The present study investigates the replacement of expansion valves, used in the cascade system of hydrogen fuelling stations, by a series of ejectors. The major advantage of using ejectors is to recover part of the kinetic energy lost during the expansion of a high-pressure primary flow, in order to entrain a lower pressure secondary flow; thus resulting in a more efficient fuelling. Firstly, a quasi-steady 1-D simulation model of the ejector was calibrated using computational fluid dynamics in terms of the main geometry and pressure conditions. Secondly, the quasi-steady 1-D model of the ejector was used in a dynamic model of the hydrogen fuelling station, in order to investigate the influence of its geometry on the transient fuelling performances. Different fuelling scenarios were explored with varying number of buffer tanks in the cascade system of the fuelling station, and different initial pressures in the vehicle's tank. The results show that the replacement of the expansion valve by an ejector may reduce the energy consumption for hydrogen compression by up to 6.5% using two buffer tanks in the cascade system. On the other hand, increasing the number of buffer tanks reduces the energy savings as the driving pressure ratio decreases.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
ISSN0360-3199
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Hydrogen Fuelling Stations
  • Ejectors
  • CFD
  • Energy optimisation
  • Dynamic Modelling

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