The aim of this study was first to optimise and validate a method using an enzyme-mixture to liberate protein- and phosphate-bound thiamin and riboflavin in food by the use of ultrasonication and HPLC, and second to include the quantitation of the vitamin B-1 active compound 2-(1-hydroxyethyl)thiamin (HET). The enzyme-mixture consisted of (x-amylase, proteinase, and phosphatase. The use of ultrasonication in the enzyme treatment enabled the results for vitamin B-1 and B-2 to be obtained in 1 day. In consequence of an incomplete release of phosphate-bound thiamin of some of the batches of enzymes used, thiamin was quantitated as the sum of thiaminmonophosphate and thiamin. The vitamin B, active compound, HET was detected and quantitated separately. The standard deviations for the method were 3.7%, 4.7%, and 13.3% for thiamin, riboflavin, and HET, respectively. The relative bioactivity of HET is similar to the bioactivity of thiamin. In the samples of animal origin the content of HET represented 7-24% of the content of thiamin, while in dried yeast the content of HET was 37% of the,content of thiamin. Quantitation of vitamin B-1 in food by a post-column derivatisation is recommended to include separate quantitation of thiamin and HET.
- food composition