Optimally segmented magnetic structures

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We present a semi-analytical algorithm for magnet design problems, which calculates the optimal way to subdivide a given design region into uniformly magnetized segments.The availability of powerful rare-earth magnetic materials such as Nd-Fe-B has broadened the range of applications of permanent magnets[1][2]. However, the powerful rare-earth magnets are generally expensive, so both the scientific and industrial communities have devoted a lot of effort into developing suitable design methods. Even so, many magnet optimization algorithms either are based on heuristic approaches[3], or are applicable only to analytically solvable geometries[4]. In addition, some questions remained fundamentally unanswered, such as how to segment a given design into N uniformly magnetized pieces.Our method calculates the globally optimal shape and magnetization direction of each segment inside a certain designarea with an optional constraint on the total amount of magnetic material. The method can be applied to any objective functional which is linear respect to the field, and with any combination of linear materials. Being based on an analytical-optimization approach, the algorithm is not computationally intensive and provides the global optimum with respect to the considered problem without the need for a starting guess. The approach can be used in combination with finite element method calculations, and can therefore be applied also to problems for which an analytical solution to the magnetic field is not available.We will illustrate the results for magnet design problems from different areas, such as electric motors/generators (as the example in the picture), beam focusing for particle accelerators and magnetic refrigeration devices.
Original languageEnglish
Publication date2016
Number of pages3
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Event13th Joint MMM-Intermag Conference - Hilton San Diego Bayfront, San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: 11 Jan 201615 Jan 2016
Conference number: 13


Conference13th Joint MMM-Intermag Conference
LocationHilton San Diego Bayfront
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Diego, CA


  • Segmentation
  • Optimization
  • Analytical
  • FEM


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