Optimal trade-offs between energy efficiency improvements and additional renewable energy supply: A review of international experiences

Mattia Baldini, Henrik Klinge Jacobsen

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    Abstract

    Energy is a commodity used worldwide, representing a vital input for social and economic development. Due to continuous growth, energy demand has increased. Solutions have been proposed in order to satisfy the increase in demand, often implying the increase of capacity of the power mix. Meanwhile, current issues concerning climate change and fossil fuels depletion has moved attention towards cleaner ways to produce energy. This trend facilitated the breakthrough of renewable technologies. Since then, support policies have promoted the large deployment of renewables, without considering enough the improvements made in the energy saving field. Indeed, little attention has been paid to implement energy efficiency measures, which has resulted in scenarios where expedients for a wise use of energy (e.g. energy savings and renewables share) are unbalanced. The aim of this paper is to review and evaluate international experiences on finding the optimal trade-off between efficiency improvements and additional renewable energy supply. A critical review of each technique, focusing on purposes, methodology and outcomes, is provided along with a review of tools adopted for the analyses. The models are categorized and presented according to their main characteristics (e.g. bottom-up/top-down model, regional/national analysis, partial/general equilibrium, static/dynamic model). The results of this paper provide, to the decision-makers, informations useful to identify a suitable analysis for investigate on the optimal trade-off between renewables and energy efficiency measures in energy-systems under different objectives.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publication2016 13th International Conference on the European Energy Market (EEM)
    Number of pages5
    PublisherIEEE
    Publication date2016
    ISBN (Electronic)978-1-5090-1298-5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2016
    Event13th International Conference on the European Energy Market - Porto, Portugal
    Duration: 6 Jun 20169 Jun 2016

    Conference

    Conference13th International Conference on the European Energy Market
    Country/TerritoryPortugal
    CityPorto
    Period06/06/201609/06/2016

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