Optimal Location and Capacity of the Distributed Energy Storage System in a Distribution Network

Xiaobo Tang*, Kai Deng, Qiuwei Wu, Yulong Feng

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Given the current situation of large-scale energy storage system (ESS) access in distribution network, a practical distributed ESS location and capacity optimization model is proposed. Firstly, a weighted voltage sensitivity is proposed to select the grid-connected node set of ESS. On this basis, the distributed ESS location model is established, which aims at reducing voltage deviation and active power loss of the distribution network. Then, an ESS partition method based on the improved flame propagation model is proposed, and the partition results are obtained by constructing the flammability of nodes, the wind direction of flame propagation, speed of flame propagation and other indicators. Based on partition results, the capacity optimization model is established with the maximum annual net income of energy stored in the partition as the objective function. Finally, the improved IEEE-33 bus distribution network is used to demonstrate the effectiveness and feasibility of the proposed model.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8962025
JournalIEEE Access
Pages (from-to)15576-15585
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020


  • Economic analysis
  • Energy storage system
  • Flame propagation model
  • Location and capacity optimization
  • Partition
  • Sensitivity

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