The focus of this thesis is topology optimization of material microstructures. That is, creating
new materials, with attractive properties, by combining classic materials in periodic
First, large-scale topology optimization is used to design complicated three-dimensional
materials with exotic properties, such as isotropic negative Poisson’s ratio and negative
Furthermore, it is shown how topology optimization can be used to design materials
with a good compromise between stiffness and damping. Both a simple quasi-static
method suited for low frequency wave propagation, and a more general dynamic method
(using Floquet-Bloch theory) applicable to arbitrary frequency ranges are presented. The
quasi-static method is applied to the design of both two- and three-dimensional material
microstructures. And it is shown, using two-dimensional examples, how the general
method can be used to design materials with frequency dependent loss, which can be
higher than depicted by the quasi-static bounds.
The work is inspired by the increased availability of additive manufacturing facilities,
and, thus, the possibility of manufacturing complicated structures. Therefore, throughout
the thesis extra attention is given to obtain structures that can be manufactured.
That is also the case in the final part, where a simple multiscale method for the optimization
of structural damping is presented. The method can be used to obtain an
optimized component with structural details on the same scale as the manufacturing
precision, without being computationally exhaustive. Furthermore, the connectivity of
the stiff phase is assured, making it possible to design components that can be manufactured,
using additive manufacturing to print the stiff material phase, and, thereafter,
infuse the component with the soft and lossy material phase.
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