Optimal Aero-Elastic Design of a Rotor with Bend-Twist Coupling

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Abstract

Passive Bend-Twist Coupling (BTC) can be used in blades to alleviate loads and generate more Annual Energy Production (AEP). However, BTC is inherently aero-elastic, thus difficult to incorporate into the design with sequential design process. Multi-disciplinary Design Optimization (MDO) is an attractive approach for overcoming these challenges. This paper presents the re-design of a 100kW BTC rotor using the MDO rotor design package HAWTOpt2. In the preliminary design phase, MDO was used to assess the differences between elastic BTC (i.e. off-axis fibers) and geometric BTC (i.e. sweep). This work found that aero-elastic design optimization without BTC was able to achieve a 16% improvement, then with sweep a 18% improvement and with material coupling a 17% improvement. Due to the reduced stiffness of off-axis fibers, material coupled designs had more difficulty satisfying the tip deflection constraint. The geometric BTC concept was chosen for the final design. The design optimization was repeated with additional manufacturing constraints. The final design achieved a 12% improvement.
Original languageEnglish
Article number042009
Book seriesJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Volume1037
Issue number4
Number of pages13
ISSN1742-6596
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018
EventThe Science of Making Torque from Wind 2018 - Politecnico di Milano (POLIMI), Milan, Italy
Duration: 20 Jun 201822 Jun 2018
Conference number: 7
http://www.torque2018.org/

Conference

ConferenceThe Science of Making Torque from Wind 2018
Number7
LocationPolitecnico di Milano (POLIMI)
CountryItaly
CityMilan
Period20/06/201822/06/2018
Internet address

Bibliographical note

Content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 licence. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI.

Cite this

@inproceedings{5e3e9e95f0cf4949ab1cbf50800d0fc5,
title = "Optimal Aero-Elastic Design of a Rotor with Bend-Twist Coupling",
abstract = "Passive Bend-Twist Coupling (BTC) can be used in blades to alleviate loads and generate more Annual Energy Production (AEP). However, BTC is inherently aero-elastic, thus difficult to incorporate into the design with sequential design process. Multi-disciplinary Design Optimization (MDO) is an attractive approach for overcoming these challenges. This paper presents the re-design of a 100kW BTC rotor using the MDO rotor design package HAWTOpt2. In the preliminary design phase, MDO was used to assess the differences between elastic BTC (i.e. off-axis fibers) and geometric BTC (i.e. sweep). This work found that aero-elastic design optimization without BTC was able to achieve a 16{\%} improvement, then with sweep a 18{\%} improvement and with material coupling a 17{\%} improvement. Due to the reduced stiffness of off-axis fibers, material coupled designs had more difficulty satisfying the tip deflection constraint. The geometric BTC concept was chosen for the final design. The design optimization was repeated with additional manufacturing constraints. The final design achieved a 12{\%} improvement.",
author = "McWilliam, {Michael K.} and Frederik Zahle and Dicholkar, {Antariksh Chandrashekhar} and Verelst, {David Robert} and Taeseong Kim",
note = "Content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 licence. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI.",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1088/1742-6596/1037/4/042009",
language = "English",
volume = "1037",
journal = "Journal of Physics: Conference Series (Online)",
issn = "1742-6596",
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T1 - Optimal Aero-Elastic Design of a Rotor with Bend-Twist Coupling

AU - McWilliam, Michael K.

AU - Zahle, Frederik

AU - Dicholkar, Antariksh Chandrashekhar

AU - Verelst, David Robert

AU - Kim, Taeseong

N1 - Content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 licence. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI.

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - Passive Bend-Twist Coupling (BTC) can be used in blades to alleviate loads and generate more Annual Energy Production (AEP). However, BTC is inherently aero-elastic, thus difficult to incorporate into the design with sequential design process. Multi-disciplinary Design Optimization (MDO) is an attractive approach for overcoming these challenges. This paper presents the re-design of a 100kW BTC rotor using the MDO rotor design package HAWTOpt2. In the preliminary design phase, MDO was used to assess the differences between elastic BTC (i.e. off-axis fibers) and geometric BTC (i.e. sweep). This work found that aero-elastic design optimization without BTC was able to achieve a 16% improvement, then with sweep a 18% improvement and with material coupling a 17% improvement. Due to the reduced stiffness of off-axis fibers, material coupled designs had more difficulty satisfying the tip deflection constraint. The geometric BTC concept was chosen for the final design. The design optimization was repeated with additional manufacturing constraints. The final design achieved a 12% improvement.

AB - Passive Bend-Twist Coupling (BTC) can be used in blades to alleviate loads and generate more Annual Energy Production (AEP). However, BTC is inherently aero-elastic, thus difficult to incorporate into the design with sequential design process. Multi-disciplinary Design Optimization (MDO) is an attractive approach for overcoming these challenges. This paper presents the re-design of a 100kW BTC rotor using the MDO rotor design package HAWTOpt2. In the preliminary design phase, MDO was used to assess the differences between elastic BTC (i.e. off-axis fibers) and geometric BTC (i.e. sweep). This work found that aero-elastic design optimization without BTC was able to achieve a 16% improvement, then with sweep a 18% improvement and with material coupling a 17% improvement. Due to the reduced stiffness of off-axis fibers, material coupled designs had more difficulty satisfying the tip deflection constraint. The geometric BTC concept was chosen for the final design. The design optimization was repeated with additional manufacturing constraints. The final design achieved a 12% improvement.

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DO - 10.1088/1742-6596/1037/4/042009

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M1 - 042009

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