Optical readout of coupling between a nanomembrane and an LC circuit at room temperature

T. Bagci, A. Simonsen, E. Zeuthen, J. M. Taylor, Luis Guillermo Villanueva Torrijo, Silvan Schmid, A. Sørensen, A. Schliesser, K. Usami, E. S. Polzik

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference abstract in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    Summary form only given. Opto- and electromechanical systems have separately shown great progress in reaching ultrasensitive displacement readout and manipulation of nano- and micromechanical resonators at the quantum level [1,2,3]. Besides that, combining optical and electrical degrees of freedom via a mechanical interface is of potential interest, as it would allow for low noise optical detection and laser cooling of weak electrical excitations. In a recent paper [4], a scheme was proposed for room temperature applications where a membrane converts rf electrical excitations in an LC circuit to optical excitations in a high finesse cavity.In this work, we have experimentally realized both optical and electrical detection of coupling in a roomtemperature electromechanical system composed of an LC circuit and a 100-nm thick SiN nanomembrane coated by 50 nm Aluminum. We follow an approach similar to the one described in [4] (cf. Fig 1a): The displacement of the high Q membrane is capacitively coupled to a plate capacitor that is connected in parallel to a ferrite inductor. A change in capacitance alters the LC resonance frequency, thereby creating coupling between the membrane and the LC circuit. A DC bias voltage applied to the capacitor amplifies the coupling. We confirm two-way coupling by observing broadening in the membrane vibrations via optical readout (Doppler vibrometry, Fig. 1b) and an MIT (Mechanically Induced Transparency) dip in the electrical probe (Fig. 1c). The two different methods show fairly good agreement. We note that a similar phenomenon (EMIT) was reported recently in an electromechanical system [5], however at cryogenic temperatures with a superconducting circuit. At 60V DC bias voltage, we extract a promising cooperativity parameter (C) of around 50, corresponding to a coupling strength of roughly g/2π=1 kHz, whereas the LC decay rate is around 7 kHz.Our setup serves as a sensitive optical loudspeaker [4] for rf excitations circulating in the LC circuit which may eventually compete with cryogenic amplifiers. With an optimized design, strong electromechanical coupling is within reach. Furthermore the electromechanical part can be placed in an optical cavity for simultaneous readout and laser cooling of electrical excitations in an LC circuit.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publication2013 Conference on Lasers & Electro-Optics. Europe & International Quantum Electronics Conference (CLEO EUROPE/IQEC) — 2013 Conference on Lasers & Electro-Optics. Europe & International Quantum Electronics Conference (CLEO EUROPE/IQEC)
    Number of pages1
    Publication date2013
    ISBN (Print)9781479905942
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2013
    Event2013 Conference on Lasers & Electro-Optics Europe & the International Quantum Electronics Conference (CLEO/Europe-IQEC) - Munich, Germany
    Duration: 12 May 201316 May 2013
    http://www.cleoeurope.org/

    Conference

    Conference2013 Conference on Lasers & Electro-Optics Europe & the International Quantum Electronics Conference (CLEO/Europe-IQEC)
    CountryGermany
    CityMunich
    Period12/05/201316/05/2013
    Internet address
    SeriesOptics Infobase Conference Papers
    ISSN2162-2701

    Keywords

    • Instrumentation
    • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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